Section 19 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 19 Vocab Deck (20):
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Plato

an ancient Greek philosopher who searched for answers to basic questions about human life

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pope

the leader and ultimate authority of the Roman Catholic Church who lives in the Vatican

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Peter

one of the twelve apostles; Jesus said that Peter would be the rock on which he would build his church

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prayer

thoughts or words addressed to God

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priest

person who leads worshipers in Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Episcopalian churches

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Protestant churches

as a group make up one of the three great branches of Christianity (the others are the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox churches)

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prodigal son

A father who divided all he had between his two sons. One of the sons left home and went to a foreign country, where he lived in a wild and foolish way, thinking only of his own enjoyment. Soon he had wasted all his father's money. Poor and hungry, he returned to his father and begged forgiveness. The father was so pleased to see his son that he forgave him and joyfully ordered a feast to celebrate his return.

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Pontius Pilate

the Roman official who sentenced Jesus to death

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Quaker

a member of the Religious Society of Friends, a Christian faith that believes in simplicity of life and worship

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Promised Land

God promised that ancient Israelites in the Old Testament that they would rule a great and beautiful country

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psalms

songs and prayers that have been part of Jewish and Christian worship services

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rabbi

Jewish religious teacher and spiritual guide

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Ramadan

the holy month in Islam; to purify themselves, Moslems fast (eat no food) from sunrise to sunset throughout the month

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reincarnation

the soul lives on after death and returns to existence in another body

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Resurrection

the Resurrection (or rising) of Jesus on the third day after he was crucified

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Roman Catholic Church

on of the three branches of Christianity

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Rosh Hashanah

marks the beginning of the Jewish New Year

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Sabbath

Sabbath is a holy day, one day each week that is set aside for rest and worship

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sacrament

a very holy religious ceremony
ex. baptism, communion, and marriage

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sacred

something that is worshiped or has to do with religious and spiritual life

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