Chapter 19 Part 1 Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Part 1 Notes Deck (91):
1

global epidemic (1918-1919) three waves of hit worldwide

influenza pandemic

2

pandemic

an epidemic that occurs over a large geographic area and affects a significant portion of the population

3

"Spanish Influenza"

called this because it spread quickly throughout Spain

4

doctors knew and were unable to

little about how such diseases developed and spread
overcome the deadly disease

5

estimated death toll

above 20 million

6

moral relativism argued

that values differ greatly in different societies and no one could say that one set of principles was good for all groups

7

Oswald Spengler wrote

Decline of the West

8

the Decline of the West said that

civilization passed form youth to maturity to old age to death and that civilization would eventually disintegrate

9

"Lost Generation" authors reflected

a generation that had lost its moral grounding during the war

10

Ernest Hemingway wrote

The Sun Also Rises

11

F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote

The Great Gatsby

12

T.S. Elliot wrote

The Waste Land and talked about a world without faith

13

1920s were known as

the Roaring 20's

14

1920s marked the rise of

leisure activities and consumer goods

15

chief form of entertainment (1920-1930)

motion pictures

16

most movies offered

viewers escape and entertainment

17

The Jazz Singer (1927)

revolutionized film by introducing sound (talkies)

18

main spectator sports during this time

baseball, golf, tennis, and soccer which is also called football

19

Olympics were and played every

revived in 1896
four years

20

More people began to purchase

consumer goods

21

prices for items(once a luxury)

dropped significantly

22

radio advertisements

brought commercials right into people's homes

23

buying on credit

allowed people to instantly purchase and get the products that they wanted

24

younger generation began to

challenge "proper" societal norms

25

flappers

young women who wore short hair and short skirts and went out to public places such as jazz clubs

26

prohibition

making alcoholic beverages illegal; couldn't transport it, make it, or sell it

27

18th amendment

established prohibition

28

21st amendment

repealed the 18th amendment

29

young women who began to challenge "proper" societal norms by wearing short hair and skirts and going out to jazz clubs

flappers

30

American woman who coined the term the "Lost Generation"

Gertrude Stein

31

architect who believed that building should fit into their environment

Frank Lloyd Wright

32

group of American writes who expressed their dissatisfaction with traditional ideas

Lost Generation

33

painter who created a new style called cubism

Pablo Picasso

34

much of prosperity fueled by

industry

35

European farmland

had been destroyed during the war

36

1918 peace: demand for certain crops and ag prices

fell
dropped

37

farmers and now had problems

borrowed money
paying their debts

38

protectionism also called

economic nationalism

39

economic nationalism occurs when

nations tried to protect domestic industries by limiting trade with others

40

to protect industries nations

established tariffs on imports

41

market speculation

risky investments

42

stock market- organization

through which shares of stock in companies are bought and sold

43

company issues stock to

raise money for its business (quickly)

44

1920s stock prices and investors

soared
made large profits

45

Oct. 29, 1929 "Black Tuesday"-sudden sell off drove

stock prices tumbling

46

many stocks (overnight) became

virtually worthless

47

savers rushed to

their banks to withdraw their savings

48

banks didn't have

adequate cash reserves (to honor that many withdrawals)

49

banks demanded

borrowers repay their loans

50

thousands of banks and customers

were forced into bankruptcy

51

collapse of stock market marked beginning of

a world wide depression

52

causes of the Great Depression

overproduction, bank failures, and downward trend in business

53

overproduction

farmers and factories produced more than the people could buy

54

bank failures

banks loaning large sums of money; the borrowers couldn't pay back their loans; 1929-1932 over 5000 banks closed in the U.S.

55

downward trend

many businesses closed and wages were cut along with mass layoffs

56

unemployment

about 12 million people out of work in the US (25%)

57

Herbert Hoover

becomes President in 1928; "Prosperity just around the corner"

58

"ride the rails"

homeless, jobless teenagers hitching rides on boxcars on trains from town to town (about 250,000)

59

"Hoovervilles"

shack villages that were put up by the homeless

60

"Hoover Flags"

men would take their pockets and turn them out to signify that they had no money

61

"Hoover blankets"

people that were sleeping on park benches, whatever they could find to cover up with

62

"Hoover leather"

here people had to cut out pieces of cardboard to fill in the holes in the soles of their shoes

63

"Hoover stew"

a soup that was very thin that was served at soup kitchens

64

1932 presidential election

Franklin Roosevelt defeated Hoover

65

brain trust

Roosevelt surrounds himself with college professors and experts

66

bank holiday

Roosevelt implements this; every bank in America closed

67

Emergency Banking Relief Act

the government would decide which banks would healthy and strong enough to remain open

68

fireside chats

radio addresses to the people by Roosevelt

69

New Deal

FDR's program to combat the Great Depression

70

Hundred Days (March 9- June 16 1933)

Congress and the President pass legislation that make up the New Deal

71

goals of the New Deal

relief-for the unemployed; recovery-get businesses, banks, and industry going again; reform-make sure this does not happen again

72

Civilian Conservation Corps; CCC

put young men planting trees, working in national parks, and building bridges

73

Tennessee Valley Authority; TVA

built dams in the Tennessee Valley; resulted in more jobs and hydroelectricity (powered six or more rural states)

74

Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.;FDIC

protected a depositor's money in the bank up to a certain amount

75

Rural Electrification Project;REP

brought electricity to rural areas

76

Agricultural Adjustment Admin; AAA

payed farmers to not grow certain crops

77

Social Security Act; SSA

pensions for retired(elderly), disabled/handicapped, and survivors

78

most tragic thing in France

a large number of their young men had died during the war

79

during the war North France was

a major battleground

80

modern parts of agriculture and industry

had been destroyed and were outdated

81

Maginot Line

a system of steel and concrete fortifications to separate France from Germany that stretched nearly 200 miles

82

Locarno Pact(1925)

delegates pledged that their countries would peacefully settle any future disputes

83

major problem of the government

no party could gain enough power to govern alone

84

economic problems of Great Britain

1. outdated factories and machinery 2. high tariffs 3. competition from Japan and the US

85

by 1921 in Great Britain

nearly 1/4 of their workforce was unemployed

86

coalition government

make up of several parties that agree to work together

87

formed between

the Labour Party and the Liberal Party

88

led by leader of the

Ramsay MacDonald
Labour Party

89

Austria was a and many wanted to unite with

small poor nation
Germany

90

Hungary became a in 1918 but it was

republic
eventually overthrown

91

Poland located between

Germany and Russia

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