Chapter 18 Fill in the Blank Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Fill in the Blank Deck (35):
1

The relative harmony among European nations following the in 1815 broke down in the mid-1800's

Congress of Vienna

2

, or the glorification of armed strength, was important to many European leaders and waste of the factors that fueled the movement towards war.

militarism

3

launched the world's first modern battleship, named the Dreadnaught in 1906

Great Britain

4

In a move to isolate France, Bismarck persuaded to join Germany and Austria-Hungary in the Triple Alliance

Italy

5

The alliance between France, Russia and Great Britain was called the

Triple Entente

6

When Archduke and his wife were visiting Sarajevo, they were assassinated by a member of a Serbian nationalist group

Francis Ferdinand

7

In , one party threatens harmful action if the demands it has made are not met

an ultimatum

8

Four factors fueled growing tensions

nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and alliances or the system of alliances

9

emerged in Europe in the 1800s as various ethnic groups tried to gain more

Nationalism
political unity

10

In 1906, Great Britain launched the , the world's first modern battleship

Dreadnaught

11

A powerful German empire, under the leadership of emerged with as their chancellor

Prussia
Otto von Bismarck

12

Bismarck feared would seek revenge for its 1871 defeat in the

France
Franco-Prussian War

13

Serbian nationalists wanted to gain the provinces of and because Serbia was

Bosnia
Herzegovina
landlocked

14

, the largest Slavic country, saw itself as protector of Balkan Slavs

Russia

15

was the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sarajevo

16

Belgium agreed not to help any , or warring nations

belligerents

17

In October 1914, the entered the war on the side of Austria-Hungary and Germany

Ottoman Empire

18

The Ottoman Empire occupied a strategic position: the , a strait between the Black and Mediterranean Sea

Dardanelles

19

The warring countries formed two powerful sides:

Central Powers and the Allied Powers or Allies

20

Unterseebooten meant " " and referred to

underwater boats
German subs

21

Airplanes were mainly used for

observing enemy troop movements

22

Skilled pilots called became famous flying legends

dogfight
aces

23

Air battles among airplanes were called

dogfights

24

Germany launched its main attack on France across neutral

Belgium

25

In 1915 Great Britain and France tried to force their way through the and capture

Dardanelles
Constantinople

26

The British decided to the North Sea and to keep merchant ships form reaching

blockade
Germany

27

Eventually the blockade became an attempt to ruin the and

German economy
starve the German people

28

By late 1915 the war had become a

stalemate

29

British had a great influence on Americans

propaganda

30

The resumption of by the Germans further pushed the US toward war

unrestricted submarine warfare

31

In November 1918 the Germans signed , or an agreement, to stop fighting in World War I

an armistice

32

An Allied force under French marshall stopped the German from capturing Paris

Ferdinand Foch

33

, the old Habsburg empire, stopped fighting in October 1918 and broke apart to form two separate governments

Austria-Hungary

34

The Allied morale was dampened when signed a separate peace treaty with Germany

Russia

35

Six points of Wilson's plan called for changes of a general nature, including freedom of the seas for all nations and

no secret treaties between countries

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