Chapter Three Fill in the Blank Flashcards Preview

10th World History > Chapter Three Fill in the Blank > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter Three Fill in the Blank Deck (17):
0

The founding of the _______ religion on the Arabian Peninsula changed and united the Arab World.

Islamic

1

Arab nomads called _________ herded sheep and camels because they could not grow crops in the desert.

bedouins

2

Muhammed and his followers settled in the town of Yathrib in 622 A.D. and the journey from Mecca to this city is know as the _______.

hijirah

3

The merchant rulers in Mecca did not like Muhammed's teaching, for they feared that pilgrims would stop coming to Mecca to worship at the _______, a stone building filled with idols.

Kaaba

4

In order to remind Muslims of the importance of self-discipline, dependence on the creator, and the feelings of the poor, many believers fast during the holy month of _________.

Ramadan

5

The buildings where Muslims worship are called _________, and have no furnishings or images of people.

mosques

6

The ______ or the "struggle to defend the faith" is very important to Muslims.

jihad

7

The holy book of Islam, called the _____________, is believed to be the word of god, and includes all rules and instructions for right living.

Qur'an
Koran

8

Muslims called Christians and Jews "____________".

People of the Book

9

In 711 A.D., a powerful Muslim force invaded _______ and thus brought Islam to ________.

Spain
Europe

10

Muslim troops tried to conquer ______________, but their attempt failed when ___________ defended the city.

Constantinople
Byzantine armies

11

Even though caliphs exercised great authority, the people could not agree about who _________.

should be caliph

12

As the Muslim empire began to spread, a North African people called the __________ converted.

Berbers

13

Muslims who made their home in Spain were called __________.

Moors

14

Muslims throughout the empire lived according to the ___________. It guided both ____________ and ___________.

Qur'an
religious life
daily life

15

Mosques, palaces, marketplaces, and libraries were designed to show the glory of ________.

Islam

16

________ were designed to house thousands of followers who gathered to worship. The main part of the mosque was a vast area for _______.

Mosques
prayer

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