Flashcards in Chapter Three Fill in the Blank Deck (17):
The founding of the _______ religion on the Arabian Peninsula changed and united the Arab World.
Arab nomads called _________ herded sheep and camels because they could not grow crops in the desert.
Muhammed and his followers settled in the town of Yathrib in 622 A.D. and the journey from Mecca to this city is know as the _______.
The merchant rulers in Mecca did not like Muhammed's teaching, for they feared that pilgrims would stop coming to Mecca to worship at the _______, a stone building filled with idols.
In order to remind Muslims of the importance of self-discipline, dependence on the creator, and the feelings of the poor, many believers fast during the holy month of _________.
The buildings where Muslims worship are called _________, and have no furnishings or images of people.
The ______ or the "struggle to defend the faith" is very important to Muslims.
The holy book of Islam, called the _____________, is believed to be the word of god, and includes all rules and instructions for right living.
Muslims called Christians and Jews "____________".
People of the Book
In 711 A.D., a powerful Muslim force invaded _______ and thus brought Islam to ________.
Muslim troops tried to conquer ______________, but their attempt failed when ___________ defended the city.
Even though caliphs exercised great authority, the people could not agree about who _________.
should be caliph
As the Muslim empire began to spread, a North African people called the __________ converted.
Muslims who made their home in Spain were called __________.
Muslims throughout the empire lived according to the ___________. It guided both ____________ and ___________.
Mosques, palaces, marketplaces, and libraries were designed to show the glory of ________.