Chapter 7 Fill in the Blank Flashcards Preview

10th World History > Chapter 7 Fill in the Blank > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Fill in the Blank Deck (24):
1

____________ used spells and magic formulas to try to change one substance to another.

Alchemists

2

______believed that positions of stars influenced human life.

Astrologists

3

________ relied on religious teachings and works of classical thinkers to explain mysteries of nature.

Natural philosophers

4

During the era of the ___________, people began using experiments and mathematics to understand many mysteries

Scientific Revolution

5

Johann Kepler published his _____________________ to eventually prove the heliocentric theory.

laws of planetary motion 1609

6

Through his own telescope, Galileo was able to see ___________, ____________, ___________, and ___________.

the mountains and valleys of the moon
rings around Saturn
sun spots
moons circling Jupiter

7

Church scholars disapproved of Galileo's theory because it contradicted the

Bible

8

An English-Irish chemist, ___________, helped pioneer the modern science of chemistry.

Robert Boyle

9

An English chemist, __________, discovered the element oxygen in 1774 and ________, French scientist, later named it.

Joseph Priestley
Antoine Lavoisier

10

Before Lavoisier, people believed _______ was an element.

fire

11

built his own telescope and argued that not every heavenly body revolves around the sun

Galilieo

12

a brilliant mathematician who proved the heliocentric theory

Johann Kepler

13

developed the heliocentric or sun-centered theory

Copernicus

14

proposed the law of universal gravitation, which states that all bodies attract each other

Isaac Newton

15

pioneered the modern science of chemistry

Robert Boyle

16

A new focus was begun to find new routes to the east. To do this, Europeans needed

Better maps, navigation instruments, and ships

17

Economic changes were so great between the 1400s and 1700s, it is referred to as the

Commercial revolution

18

The _________ allowed owners and merchants to sell shares, or ______ in their company to investors

Joint stock company
Stock

19

Joint stock companies raise large sums of money from investors to

Finance exploration

20

With a _________ A country received _________ from other nations than it paid to them

Favorable balance of trade
Gold and silver

21

During the 1500s and after, European powers aimed to ______ that were rich in __________ that couldn't be produced at home

Colonize overseas lands
Gold, silver, and raw materials

22

The ________ and the ______ caused a desire among many Europeans to learn more about the world

Renaissance
Scientific revolution

23

Bartolomeu Dias sailed around the Cape of Good Hope, at the southern tip of _______ in 1488

Africa

24

The middle passage was part of the system known as ________, which exchanged cotton goods and weapons for slaves, slaves for plantation goods, and plantation goods for manufactured goods

Triangular trade

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