Flashcards in Chapter 11 Fill in the Blank Deck (29):
The were English citizens who supported Parliament during the English Civil War.
The was the name to describe the civil war years and the changes that continued until the monarchy was restored
English Revolution/English Civil War
belief in the divine right of kings put him out of touch with the people and politics in England
were citizen of England who supported the king during the English Civil War
The were troops organized into an army by Oliver Cromwell, a Puritan leader
New Model Army
A is a document outlining the basic laws and principles that govern a nation
The reign of Charles II reflects England's return to the monarchy and is known as the
The ,who believed that James had a hereditary right to rule, were one of the two political parties in Parliament
The bloodless transfer of power that occured when James II gave up the throne to William and Mary is known as the
,author of the book Leviathan, believed that people acted from self-interest and without regard for the rights or welfare of others
The English philosopher argued that the social contract only required people to give up some of their individual rights
The English declared that Parliament would choose who ruled England, gave the right of free speech for members of Parliament, and protected private citizens.
Bill of Rights
In 1700 Parliament did not represent most of the people of England, and only landowning male gentry and wealthy merchants could vote for representatives to the House of
English merchants who had been trading in and the ,now moved into the and .
Russia; Baltic; Americas; Asia
By the 1760s, colonial empire was the largest in the world.
of England entered the contest for American colonies
King Henry VII
During reign in 1500, the English sea dogs appeared.
Queen Elizabeth I's
Secretly, Queen Elizabeth and from selling the slaves.
supported the sea dogs
shared the profits
The defeat of the encouraged the British to establish colonies overseas
In 1600, Queen Elizabeth granted a charter to a trading group that came to be known as the
British East India Company
Slavery was most common in the and the .
set England's colonies apart from other overseas colonies.
Most English colonies had some form of but official control remained firmly with
thinkers examined and challenged traditional views of government
the belief that ruth can be determined solely by logical thinking was called during the Age of Enlightenment
published The Spirit of the Laws, in which he tried to describe the perfect government
Baron de Montesquieu
wrote clever satires on the French monarchy, the nobility, and the religious controls of the church.
argued that people are naturally good, but that environment, education, and laws corrupt them