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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Fill in the Blank Deck (29):
0

The were English citizens who supported Parliament during the English Civil War.

Roundheads

1

The was the name to describe the civil war years and the changes that continued until the monarchy was restored

English Revolution/English Civil War

2

belief in the divine right of kings put him out of touch with the people and politics in England

Charles I's

3

were citizen of England who supported the king during the English Civil War

Cavaliers/Royalists

4

The were troops organized into an army by Oliver Cromwell, a Puritan leader

New Model Army

5

A is a document outlining the basic laws and principles that govern a nation

constitution

6

The reign of Charles II reflects England's return to the monarchy and is known as the

Restoration

7

The ,who believed that James had a hereditary right to rule, were one of the two political parties in Parliament

Tories

8

The bloodless transfer of power that occured when James II gave up the throne to William and Mary is known as the

Glorious Revolution
Bloodless Revolution

9

,author of the book Leviathan, believed that people acted from self-interest and without regard for the rights or welfare of others

Thomas Hobbes

10

The English philosopher argued that the social contract only required people to give up some of their individual rights

John Locke

11

The English declared that Parliament would choose who ruled England, gave the right of free speech for members of Parliament, and protected private citizens.

Bill of Rights

12

In 1700 Parliament did not represent most of the people of England, and only landowning male gentry and wealthy merchants could vote for representatives to the House of

Commons

13

English merchants who had been trading in and the ,now moved into the and .

Russia; Baltic; Americas; Asia

14

By the 1760s, colonial empire was the largest in the world.

Great Britain's

15

of England entered the contest for American colonies

King Henry VII

16

During reign in 1500, the English sea dogs appeared.

Queen Elizabeth I's

17

Secretly, Queen Elizabeth and from selling the slaves.

supported the sea dogs
shared the profits

18

The defeat of the encouraged the British to establish colonies overseas

Spanish Armada

19

In 1600, Queen Elizabeth granted a charter to a trading group that came to be known as the

British East India Company

20

Slavery was most common in the and the .

southern colonies
West Indies

21

set England's colonies apart from other overseas colonies.

self-government

22

Most English colonies had some form of but official control remained firmly with

representative democracy
England

23

thinkers examined and challenged traditional views of government

Enlightenment

24

the belief that ruth can be determined solely by logical thinking was called during the Age of Enlightenment

rationalism

25

published The Spirit of the Laws, in which he tried to describe the perfect government

Baron de Montesquieu

26

wrote clever satires on the French monarchy, the nobility, and the religious controls of the church.

Voltaire

27

argued that people are naturally good, but that environment, education, and laws corrupt them

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

28

allows government to be created and controlled by the people

popular sovereignty

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