Semester 1 Final Matching Flashcards Preview

10th World History > Semester 1 Final Matching > Flashcards

Flashcards in Semester 1 Final Matching Deck (75):
0

Time before recorded history

prehistory

1

means old stone

paleolith

2

means new stone

neolith

3

small chipped stone-attached as spearheads on arrows

microlith

4

arc of land (fertile)between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

Fertile Crescent

5

means land between the rivers

Mesopotamia

6

evidence of plant/animal preserved in stone

fossil

7

objects left by early peoples

artifact

8

dictates how the soul moves

karma

9

Guatama's new identity

Buddha

10

state of being free of pain and sorrow (Buddhism)

Nirvana

11

cast of untouchables/outcasts

pariah

12

wall paintings depicted life in Early Greece

frescoes

13

epic poem telling of the Trojan Wars

The Iliad

14

epic poem telling of Greek warriors return to home

The Odyssey

15

Creek city-state

polis

16

ruler who seizes power unlawfully

tyrant

17

slaves of Spartan society

Helots

18

blending of Greek and Roma civilizations

Hellenistic

19

first settlers of Rome

Latins

20

Roman class of wealthy landowners

Patricians

21

Roman class of commoners

Plebians

22

body of 300 aristocrats; governed Rome

Senate

23

3 man commission who governed Rome

triumvirate

24

March 15, 44 B.C.; death of Julius Caesar

Ides of March

25

Blend of Greek and Roman cultures

Greco-Roman

26

Roman innovation of bringing water to city of Rome

aqueducts

27

referred to Eastern half of Roman empire

Byzantine

28

appointed dictator for life of Rome in 44 B.C.

Julius Caesar

29

co-conspirator in plot to murder Caesar

Brutus

30

Caesar's great nephew and heir

Octavian

31

Egyptian leader; allies with Marc Antony

Cleopatra

32

first emperor of Rome; new title

Augustus

33

holiest shrine of Islam

Kaaba

34

holy month of Islam

Ramadan

35

Muhammed's journey from Mecca to Medina

hegira

36

"Successor to Prophet" Muhammed

caliph

37

a Muslim temple

mosque

38

holy city of Islam

Mecca

39

refers to Islamic "holy war"

jihad

40

one true god of Islam

Allah

41

"city of the Prophet"

Medina

42

angel who delivered messages to Muhammed

Jibreel

43

end of classical period and beginning of modern world

medieval period

44

agents employed by Charlemagne to administer law

Missi Dominici

45

large self-sufficient estates of medieval Europe

manor

46

peasants bound to the manorial estates

serf

47

Known as this after his victory at Hastings 1066

William the Conqueror

48

Monarch forced into signing the Magna Carta

John I

49

document which limited the king's authority (1215)

Magna Carta

50

a greater noble of feudal Europe

lord

51

lesser lord, granted land by a noble

vassal

52

feudal estate granted by a lord to a vassal

fief

53

published the Prince; ruler govern by any methods

Machiavelli

54

introduced moveable type to printing press

Gutenberg

55

his attack on church led to Reformation

Martin Luther

56

French Calvinists

Huguenots

57

special court only tried heresy

Inquisition

58

Spanish soldier/explorer

conquistador

59

crossed Panama and sighted the Pacific Ocean

Balboa

60

searched for the Fountain of Youth

Ponce de Leon

61

Aztec chief at the time of Spanish conquest

Montezuma

62

Inca chief at time of Spanish conquest

Atahualpa

63

Spaniard who conquered the Aztecs

Cortez

64

Spaniard who conquered the Incas

Pizarro

65

private firm that sold shares to investors

joint-stock company

66

studied and detailed the human anatomy

Vesalius

67

proposed the law of universal gravitation

Newton

68

1588 King Phillip of Spain attempts to conquer England

Spanish Armada

69

another name for the Puritans

Separatists

70

wanted to purify the Anglican Church

Puritans

71

legislative group of nobles and clergy

House of Lordsf

72

legislative body of burgesses and gentry

House of Commons

73

were professionals and merchants in the English towns

burgesses

74

land owners of England

gentry

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