Section 20 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 20 Vocab Deck (20):
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parting of the Red Sea

According to the Old Testament, when mOses led the Israelites out of Egypt and captivity, they were chased by an Egyptian army. When they reached the Red Sea, God parted the waves, making a path of dry land. When the Egyptians tried to follow, God sent back the water to stop them.

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saint

very holy people who have died and gone to heaven; may be called upon to ask God for help

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Satan

name for the devil, the spirit of evil

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Sermon on the Mount

most important sermon that Jesus preached; contains the Lord's prayer

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Socrates

a great Greek philosopher and teacher who taught is students by asking them questions rather than by telling them what to think; is called the Socratic method

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Star of David

a symbol of Judaism; a six-pointed star formed by placing two triangles together

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synagogue

a Jewish house of worship and study

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salvation

means being saved from sin and the penalties of sin

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seder

the ceremonial dinner held at the beginning and, for some observers, the end of the Jewish feast of Passover

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sermon

a prepared talk, often based on stories from the Bible, given by the leaders of many religions to a group of worshipers

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Shinto

an ancient Japanese religion

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Talmud

the collection of writings that contain the religious laws and traditions of Judaism

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Taoism

an important religion of China; stresses meditation and serenity in the face of life's troubles

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temple

a building used for religious worship

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Torah

group of religious writings sacred to Judaism; the first five books of the Jewish Bible

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Trinity

the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost(also known as the Holy Spirit)

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Vatican

headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church and home of the pope

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Virgin Mary

the Virgin Mary was the mother of Jesus Christ

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Western Wall

in Jerusalem, where the ancient temple of the Jews once stood; some people call it the Wailing Wall because it reminds them of the past sorrows of the Jews

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Yom Kippur

the most important Jewish holiday; on this day Jews atone, or make amends, for their sins through prayer and fasting

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