General Pharm High Yield Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in General Pharm High Yield Deck (48):
1

What is the antidote for beta blockers?

Glucagon

2

What is the antidote for copper/ arsenic or gold poisoning?

Penicillamine

3

What is the antidote for cyanide toxicity?

Nitrate + thiosulfate

4

What is the antidote for Fe poisoning?

Deferoxamine

Deferasirox

5

What is the treatment for Lead poisoning?

EDTA, dimercaprol succimer, penicillamine

6

What is the antidote for mercury/ arsenic/ gold?

Dimercaprol, BAL and succimer

7

What is the treatment for methanol or ethylene glycol toxicity?

Fomepizole

Enthanol

Dialysis

8

What is the antidote for methemoglobin?

Methyl blue, vitamin C

9

What is the treatment for salicylates (aspirin)?

NaHCO3

10

Name 4 drugs that can cause cutaenous flushing?

Vancomycin
Adenosine
Niacin
Ca channel blockers

11

Which drugs can cause dilated cardiomyopathy?

Doxorubicin and daunorubicin

12

How can drug induced dilated cardiomyopathy be prevented?

Dexrazoxane

13

What drugs can cause TdP?

Class III and IA antiarrhythmics
Macrolides
Antipsychotics
TCAs

14

What drugs can cause hyperglycemia?

Tarolimus
Protease inhibitors
Niacin
HCTZ
Corticosteroids

15

What drugs cause hypothyroidism?

Lithium
Amiodarine
Sulfonamides

16

What drugs can cause focal to massice hepatic necrosis?

Halothane
Amanita phalloides
Valproic acid
Acetaminophen

17

What 5 drugs cause hepatitis?

1- rifampin
2- Isoniazid
3- Pyrazinamide
4- Statins
5- Fibrates

18

What 6 drugs can cause pancreatitis?

1- Didanosine
2- corticosteroids
3- alcohol
4- valproic acid
5- azathoprine
6- diuretics

19

Which 6drungs can cause agranulocytosis?

Gancyclovir
Clozapine
Carbamazepine
Colchicine
Methimazole
Propylthiouracil

20

What 6 drugs can cause aplastic anemia?

Carbemazepine
Methimazole
NSAIDs
Benzene
Chloramphenicol
Propylthiouricil

21

Drugs that give a positive direct coombs test?

Methyldopa
Penicillin

22

Which drugs cause hemolysis in G6PD deficiency?

Isoniazid
Sulfonamides
Dapsone
Primaqine
Aspirin
Ibuprofen
Nitrofurantion

23

What 3 drugs can cause megaloblastic anemia?

Phenytoin
Methotrexate
Sulfa drugs

24

Which drugs can cause gingival hyperlasia?

Phenytoin
CCBs
yclosporine

25

Which drugs can cause hyperuriciemia?

Pyrazinamide
Thiazides
Furosemide
Niacin
Cyclosporine

26

What drugs cause osteoporosis?

corticosteroids
heparin

27

Which drugs cause photosensitivity?

Sulfonamides
Amiodarone
tetracyclines
5-FU

28

Which drugs cause a stevens johnson syndrome?

Antiepileptic drugs
allopurinol
sulfa drugs
penicillin

29

What 6 drugs can cause SLE like syndrome?

Sulf drugs
Hydralazine
Isoniazid
Procainamide
Phenytoin
Etanercept

30

Which drugs cause tendonitis?

Fluoroquinolones

31

Which 4 drugs can cause seizures?

Isoniazid, bupropion, imipenem/ cilastatin, enflurane

32

Which 3 drugs can cause interstitial nephritis?

Methicillin
NSAIDS
Furosemide

33

Which 4 drugs can cause pulmonary fibrosis?

Bleomycin
Amiodarine
Busulfan
Methotrexate

34

Which 5 drugs cause a disulfram like reaction?

Metronidazole
Cephalosporins
Griseofulvin
Procarbazine
1st generation sulfonylureas

35

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

cimetidine

inhibitor

36

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

Griseofulvin

inducer

37

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

sulfonamides

inhibitor

38

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

St. John's Wart

inducer

39

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

Phenytoin

inducer

40

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

carbemazepine

inducer

41

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

Ketokonazole

inhibitor

42

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

Amiodarone

inhibitor

43

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

isoniazid

inhibitor

44

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

phenobarbitol

inducer

45

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

ritonavir

inhibitor

46

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

Macrolides

inhibitor

47

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

chronic alcohol use

inducer

48

P450 inducer or inhibitor:

quinidine

inhibitors

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