Microbio Systems High Yield Flashcards Preview

Step 1 Review > Microbio Systems High Yield > Flashcards

Flashcards in Microbio Systems High Yield Deck (49):
1

Bacteria to cause dental plaques?

S. mutans

2

"food poisoning from reheated rice"

B. cereus

3

"food poisoning from reheated meat"

C. perfringens

4

"food poisoning from contaminated seafood that can also cause wound infections"

V. vulnificus

5

"food poisoning from meats, mayonnaise, custard from a preformed toxin"

S. aureus

6

"bloody diarrhea caused by comma shaped organism that grows at 42C"

Campylobacter

7

"lactose negative, flagellar motility organism that causes bloody diarrhea"

Salmonella

8

"lactose negative organism that has a very low ID50 that causes bloody diarrhea"

Shigella

9

which parasite causes bloody diarrhea?

E. histolytica

10

Which parasites cause watery diarrhea?

Giardia

Cryptosporidium

11

2 causes of pneumonia in neonates?

GBS
E. coli

12

What causes pneumonia in children 4wk - 18yo?

RSV
Mycoplasma
C. trachomatis
C. pneumoniae
S. pneumo

13

3 causes of pnemonia in adlts 18yo- 40yo?

Mycoplasma
C. pneumoniae
S. pneumo

14

5 causes of pneumonia in adults 40yo- 65yo?

S. pneumo
H. flu
Anaerobes
Viruses
Mycoplasma

15

5 causes of pneumonia in the elderly?

S. pneumo
Influenza virus
Gram (-) rods

16

Name 3 cases of atypical pneumonia?

Mycoplasama
Legionella
Chlamydia

17

3 causes of post viral pneumonia?

S. aureus
H. influenza
S. pneumo

18

Listeria causes meningitis in which age groups?

Very old and very young

19

What is the #1 cause of meningitis in an individual over the age of 6mo?

S. pneumo

20

What is the imperic treatment for pneumonia?

Ceftriaxone and vancomycin

21

Common cause of meningitis in HIV (+) patients?

Cryptococcus

22

Inflammatory cell type seen in bacterial meningitis?

PMNs

23

What is the inflammatory cell type seen in viral and fungal meningitis?

Lymphocytes

24

Osteomyelitis in a person bitten by a dog or cat?

Pasturella multocida

25

Leading cause of UTI?

E. coli

26

"colonies with a green metallic sheen on EMB agar"

W. coli

27

Second most common cause of UTIs?

S. saprophyticus

28

Third leading cause of UTI?

Klebsiella

29

Which bacteria to cause UTI is associated with struvite stones?

Proteus mirabilis

30

UTI caused by an organism with fruity odor and blue-green pigment?

Pseudomonas

31

Classic triad of congenital toxoplasma gondii?

Chorioretinits
Hydrocephalus
Intracranial calcifications

32

Classic triad of congenial rubella?

PDA/ puonary artery hypoplasia
Cataracts
Deafness

33

What are the symptoms of congenital CMV?

Periventricular calcifications
hearing loss
seizures
blueberry muffin rash

34

What are the symptoms of congenital HIV?

recurrent infections
Chronic diarrhea

35

What are the symptoms of HSV2?

Encephalitis

Herpatic (vesicular) lesions

36

What are the symptoms of congenital spyphilis?

Stillbirth/hydrops fetalis

facial abnormalities

saber shins

CN VIII deafness

37

"erythematous sandpaper like rash with fever and sore throat"

S. pyogenes scarlet fever

38

"vesicular rash that begins on trunk and spreads to face and extremitis with lesions of all different ages"

VZV

39

Name the STI:

"painful genital ulcer with exudative, inguinal adenopathy"

H. ducreyi

40

Name the STI:

"urethritis, cervicitis, cojunctivitis, reactive arthritis, PID"

Chamlydia

41

Name the STI:

"condylomata acuminata (genital warts, loilocytes)"

HPV 6/ 11

42

Name the STI:

"painful genital vesicles or ulcers that can cause systemic symptoms"

Herpes

43

Name the STI:

"urethritis, cervicitis, PID, prostatitis, epididymitis, arthritis, creamy purulent discharge"

Gonorrhea

44

Name the STI:

infection of lymphatic, painless genital ulcers, painful lymphadenopathy"

C. trachomatis (L1- L3)

45

"infection of the liver capsule and "violin string" adhesions of peritoneum to liver"

PID

46

Meningitis in an unimmunized child?

HiB

Poliovirus

47

"Cherry red" epiglottitis in an unimmunized child?

HiB

48

Pneumonia in CF and burn patients?

Pseudomonas

49

organism that causes facial nerve palsy?

Borrelia burgdorferi

Decks in Step 1 Review Class (62):