Flashcards in GI High Yield Deck (146)
What organs are derived from the foregut?
Esophagus --> duodenum
artery of the foregut?
PNS innervation of midgut and foregut?
PNS innervation of hindgut?
Pelvic splanchnic nerves
What organs are derived from the midgut?
Duodenum--> transverse colon
What organs are derived from the hindgut?
Transverse colon--> anal canal
Artery of the midgut?
Artery of the hindgut?
Opmaphalocele and gastrochisis result from a failure of what type of closure?
Bladder exstrophy results from a failure of what type of closure?
caudal fold closure
"extrusion of abd contents through abdominal folds not covered by peritoneum"
"persistance of herniation of abd contents into umbilical cord, sealed by peritoneum"
What chromosomal abnormality is associated with duodenal atresia?
What causes atresia of jejunum, ileum and colon?
What presents with drooling, choking and vomiting with first feeding?
What is a clinical test for tracheoseophageal fistulas?
passing nasogastric tube into the stomach
"palpable 'olive' mass in epigastric region and nonbilous projectile vomiting at 2-6 weeks"
congeital pyloric stenosis
What causes congeital pyloric stenosis?
The liver is derived from what embryonic layer?
endoderm (of the foregut)
What is the pancreas derived from?
Which pancreatic duct contributes to teh pancreatic duct?
BOTH pancreatic buds contribute to the ________ of the pancreas
Head of the pancreas
Which pancreatic bud encircles the 2nd part of the duodenum?
"ventral and dorsal parts of the pancreas fail to fuse at 8 weeks"
What does the spleen arise from?
mesentery of the stomach (mesoderm)
Which organs are retroperitoneal?
Aorta and IVC
Colon (ascending and descending)
What ligament encloses the portal triad?
Which ligament encloses the gastric arteries?
Which ligament encloses the gastroepiploic arteries?