Chapter 6/7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6/7 Deck (56):
0

Erosion

To ware down the surface of the earth

1

Glaciation

Land being covered with thick ice that moves

2

Topography

The shape of the land

3

Matrilocal

When a couple gets maried and they go live with the wife's extended family

4

Patrilocal

When a couple gets maried and they go live with the husbands extended family

5

Matrilineal

Descent from generation to generation is traced through the wife's side

6

Patrilineal

Descent from generation to generation is traced through the husbands side

7

Kinship

Is how a person identifies his or her family Kinship rules say whether a newly maried couple lives with their husbands or wides family Matrilocal Patrilocal

8

Why is living in the arctic challenging (4)

1. Not a lot of crops grow there 2. Very few life forms 3. You have to stay inside because of the harsh whether unless properly dressed 4. Very little contact with the outside world 5. Nothing there very barren

9

Identify two ways glaciers shaped the topography of canada. (3)

1. The southern prairies of canada were covered with glaciers at one point but when the glaciers melted it left behind bare flat land. 2. The Canadian Shield had glaciers that scrapped rocks bare leaving only a thin layer of soil

10

List three ways in which agriculture contributed to the rise of the Iroquois (3)

1. When Agriculture improved more food was produced. 2. More food allowed the population to grow 3. Because they could farm they could become sedentary instead of moving around to find food. 4. Their agricultural improvements allowed them to trade tobacco for other non agricultural products.

11

List three ways the potlatch was important for people of the nwc (northwest coast) (3)

1. Potlatches were a way to redistributing wealth and food. 2.

13

plate tectonics

Tectonics = to do with the earth's crust. When two of the earth's plates push together over millions of years, the rock layers of the crust crumple and fold into mountains, or one plate goes under the other (by Vancouver Island)

14

geography

the study of the earth

15

weather

affected by the oceans, the mountains etc.

16

climate

the prevailing conditions of temperature and precipitation

17

mixed forest

a variety of tree types in one forest, such as deciduous, coniferous

18

subsistence

just getting by, your immediate needs are met, but you are not amassing wealth

19

hunting and gathering

When people find their food by foraging in their environment, usually travel around after migrating animals.

20

agriculture

Growing farms and food.

21

matriarchal

decent from generation to generation is organized through the women of the family

22

patriarchal

decent from generation to generation is organized through the men of the family

23

coastal plains

*lowland, southern USA on the Atlantic side, swamps and marshes, very sandy soil, (Florida & Gulf of Mexico), lots of streams from the Appalachians

24

great lakes-St Lawrence

Around Toronto area, triangle from Lake Huron, Ontario, Erie. Escarpments (Steep cliff from erosion, flat plains & deep river valleys), Cdn shield north, Appalachians are south. Very fertile soil. Lots of mixed forest. “Continental climate”

25

Interior plains

central north america, gently rolling hills and plains, known for tornadoes, continental climate, prairie grasses, northern areas have boreal forests into tundra of the arctic

26

Canadian Shield

Area around Hudson's Bay. Flattened by erosion, very rocky, most soil gone from glaciers, lots of rivers, swamps, muskegs. Climate varied, colder the more northern. Boreal forest. Birch poplar, small weak trees.

27

Intermountain

Plateaus between the coast and rocky mountains, flat, cattle ranches, rivers do not meet the sea, but go to lakes or into desert. Very little precipitation. Sparse grassland/desert

28

Western Cordillera

West coast of North America. Mountain ranges. Lots of volcanic activity. Newer than Appalachian mtns and not worn down. Maritime climate moist and mild. Windward slopes= lots of trees. Leeward = grasses/cacti

29

Arctic

very north, lowlands and mountains covered by glaciers, severe weather, 10 month winters, actually a DESERT b/c of very little precipitation

30

plate tectonics

Tectonics = to do with the earth's crust. When two of the earth's plates push together over millions of years, the rock layers of the crust crumple and fold into mountains, or one plate goes under the other (by Vancouver Island)

31

geography

the study of the earth

32

weather

affected by the oceans, the mountains etc.

33

climate

the prevailing conditions of temperature and precipitation

34

mixed forest

a variety of tree types in one forest, such as deciduous, coniferous

35

subsistence

just getting by, your immediate needs are met, but you are not amassing wealth

36

hunting and gathering

When people find their food by foraging in their environment, usually travel around after migrating animals.

37

agriculture

Growing farms and food.

38

matriarchal

decent from generation to generation is organized through the women of the family

39

patriarchal

decent from generation to generation is organized through the men of the family

40

coastal plains

*lowland, southern USA on the Atlantic side, swamps and marshes, very sandy soil, (Florida & Gulf of Mexico), lots of streams from the Appalachians

41

great lakes-St Lawrence

Around Toronto area, triangle from Lake Huron, Ontario, Erie. Escarpments (Steep cliff from erosion, flat plains & deep river valleys), Cdn shield north, Appalachians are south. Very fertile soil. Lots of mixed forest. “Continental climate”

42

Interior plains

central north america, gently rolling hills and plains, known for tornadoes, continental climate, prairie grasses, northern areas have boreal forests into tundra of the arctic

43

Canadian Shield

Area around Hudson's Bay. Flattened by erosion, very rocky, most soil gone from glaciers, lots of rivers, swamps, muskegs. Climate varied, colder the more northern. Boreal forest. Birch poplar, small weak trees.

44

Intermountain

Plateaus between the coast and rocky mountains, flat, cattle ranches, rivers do not meet the sea, but go to lakes or into desert. Very little precipitation. Sparse grassland/desert

45

Western Cordillera

West coast of North America. Mountain ranges. Lots of volcanic activity. Newer than Appalachian mtns and not worn down. Maritime climate moist and mild. Windward slopes= lots of trees. Leeward = grasses/cacti

46

Arctic

very north, lowlands and mountains covered by glaciers, severe weather, 10 month winters, actually a DESERT b/c of very little precipitation

47

Describe how various First Nations groups used the natural resources available in their area to survive (10)

Plains people They used Bison for Chiefs clothes, food, and they used the connective tissue for sewing. They used deer skins to make tunics leggings skirts breech clothes, and moccasins. Bison hide was made into tipi covers Iroquois people They used hot rocks to heat their water They used fire to cut down trees Inuit people They used ice blocks for houses They used caribou hide for for clothing They used seal skin for boots They ate a lot of caribou They used animal far for fuel Snow was used as a source of drinking water People of the plateau They used bark to cover their pit houses They used salmon as a staple food source They ate a lot of roots unions and bulbs

48

The Inuit are renowned for their soap stone carvings why do you think this skill developed? (5)

1. Lots of soap stone 2. It is soft so it is easy to carve 3. They had lots of spare time during the 10 months of winter 4.

49

Hot pink area on very left

Q image thumb

Western Cordillera

50

Lime green area on the left

Q image thumb

Intermountain region

51

Brown area

Q image thumb

Appalachian

52

Green area

Q image thumb

Coastal Plains

53

Brown area

Q image thumb

Great Lake-St. Lwarence Lowland

54

Brown area

Q image thumb

Interior Plains

55

Red area

Q image thumb

Canadian Shield

56

Purple area at the top

Q image thumb

Arctic

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