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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Review Deck (36):
0

What did metro Tull invent?

Jethro Tull invented the seed drill

1

What did john Kay invent

John Kay invented the flying shuttle

2

What did james Hargreaves invent?

He invited the spinning Jenny

3

What did Newcomen invent?

Newcomen invented a machine that harnessed the power of compressed steam. This machine used steam to pump water out of mines.

4

What did james watt invent

A new steam engine that worked way better than newcomes invention.

It pumped water out of the mines using steam. He adapted the engine so it could drive machines

He had solved the problem of powering factories

5

What did Abraham Darby invent?

He invented a process for making better cast iron.

6

What were the effects of the industrial revolution

New technologies, global warming, ozone depletion, exploitation of earths resources, new forms of farming

7

Early effects of the industrial revolution

The industrial revolution showed early signs of pollution global warming ozone depletion and exploitation of earths resources

8

What was the Test act

The test act was an act forbidding anyone except members of the Church of England to uphold political office or entering professions.

They became wealthy and invested in a capital

9

Agricultural revolution

Stripp farming methods were tossed out and a new form of farming was introduced called the enclosure movement

Commons were sold to rich farmers

10

What was the seed drill

Was invented by Tull which could be pulled by horses

The seed drill planted seeds in neat rows

It was a faster and much less wasteful method of planting then broadcasting

11

Laissez-faire what is it? Who benefits?

It meant that business and industry would be as free as possible from government regulations.

This benefited business owners because they could pay their workers as little as they wanted and have as little safety regulations as they wanted

12

What was the flying shuttle

The flying shuttle was invented by John Kay this device made weaving much faster and allows large looms to operate by only one person

On a small loom a person could throw the shuttle from one hand to another but for a large loom two person were needed.

13

What was the spinning Jenny

Was an ingenious device driven by a hand cranked wheel, which allowed a spinner to spin off a number of threads at the same time.

One spinner could do the work of several

14

Who was James macadam

He built roads that would not get muddy

The roads were built of three layers of graded stone, with largest stones on the bottom and fine granite gravel on the surface

15

What is enclosure

Large fields instead of small strips

16

Energy source

The usual energy source was coal because it was cheap.

17

What was the purpose of a colonie

Colonies were used to import raw materials to the British and then sell back finished products

18

New breeds

New breeds of cattle were expensive and produced more meat

New breeds of sheep were expensive and produced thicker wool

New breeds did not catch deserve as easier and were hardier, they were expensive to keep over winter instead of eating them

19

Upper and middle classes Attitude towards working class

They believed that the working class should work as much as possible. Leisure was bad for the working class they might slip into evil habits like drinking , and gambling

20

Important textile product in Britain

All cloth was made from animal or plant fibres

Wool from sheep was the most important material for clothing

21

Where was cotton imported from?

Cotton was imported from other British colonies in the southern United States because

usa had just conquered India and they got coton from there

22

What was the Townsend crop rotation

There were four crops in rotation

Land was no longer kept fallow to replenish soil

Turnip and clover released nitrogen into soil and was good animal food

23

What were some poor laws

They were not heavily enforced

Children could not work over 12 hours in cotton mills

Children under 9 could not work in the textile industry "not inforced"

Workers associations legal "begging or trade union"

24

Crop that failed in Ireland 1845

The potatoes rotted in the fields

25

Who was protected in factory acts and what was the purpose

They were designed to help the lives of the working people

Children were the first To benefit and then the rest of the working people

26

Supply and demand

Because the population was growing and their were less farmers the farmers had to figure out a way to increase their food produced significantly

The demand increased and the supply had to increase

27

The initial responce to unions

They thought that unions were damage the economy and that they would promote evil such as drinking and gambling

28

How did reformers gather information

They got their information from
Court cases "inquests"
Observation
Volunteering at soup kitchen hospitals

29

Factory needs

Steam engines to power machines
Workers
A building
Raw materials

30

Highland clearances

Clearances were a part of the policy for enclosure

They would give the cloggers a little amount of time to sell their animals and furniture before making them leave forever then they would burn down to the ground to prevent the crafters from coming back

31

What were the advantages to a cottage industry

The cottagers could work at work

They could look after their family

They could work in their own community with support of their friends and relatives

Income benefited the family

32

Why did the industrial revolution begin in British (5)

It had a good supply of people who were willing to work (labor supply)

The middle class had influenced the government as a result of the glorious revolution

Thanks to the test act some people became rich and invested in capitals which is essential for industrialization

The government i encouraged scientific advancements and inventions

British had a large deposit of raw materials needed in industry

***Labour supply
Good transportation
THere was good transportation
A stable and pro business government
Capital technology
Raw materials***

33

Describe four negative conditions that child workers endured (4)

They were exposed to pollution from coal
In textile factories there was fluff in the air a swell as microscopic fibres going deep I tot their lungs
The noise of the looms was often deafening
Many children were beaten
They had to take their wages in food which was low quality food
They were forced to take long overtime shifts
Mine explosions

34

Identity 3 major transportation methods (3)

Railways
Macadam roads
Canals

35

How did the potato famine and the highland clearances lead to the migration of Irish and Scottish people

Potato famine
Large portions of the farmers were working class members that had little money, in 1845 when the potatoes contacted a deserve and rotted lots of farmers starved and had to sell their farm and move not only because they couldn't pay the rent but because they could not afford food they had to leave because there was no farms excepting farmers so they moved to the new world

The highland clearances
Because the landlords wanted enclosure they told their crafters they had a little amount of time before they were to be kicked off once they were kicked off they had no where to go except to the new world

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