Flashcards in Chp2 The Early Stuarts Deck (11):
Who succeeded Elizabeth 1 when she died in 1603?
James VI (6th)
Who was James 6th mother, and why was this significant?
His mother was Mary Queen of Scotts and Elizabeth had her executed
Who did James have ties to?
Scotland and France
What was the Divine Right of Kings?
James felt he was the divine king, but it was very unpopular in England
What is an abolute monarch?
antidemocratic, ultimate power to the king
Since Anglo-Saxon times the British had had a parliament. What was its purpose?
to advise the king, and the king used it to consult with the most powerful people in the country
What did the Magna Carta do?
the Magna Carta gave parliament more power and gave the king rules
What were some of the king's rules in the Magna Carta?
rule lawfully, no new taxes without consent of parliament, right to trail by jury of his/her peers
How had parliament changed by 1295?
there was a House of Lords (inherited positions) and a House of Commons (elected) to represent land owners
Why was this system not really democratic?
Only a few people could vote and go to parliament, but it was better than other countries, and it was a right guarded by the people