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Flashcards in Chp3 Introduction Deck (16):
1

What three things did Britain have that helped to pave the way for democracy?

1. a long tradition of parliament, 2. English had never accepted the Divine Right of Kings, 3. these two allowed William and Mary to agree to the Bill of Rights

2

What did France require to overthrow the monarch and establish rights for citizens?

a bloody revolution

3

What three conditions predicted there would be a revolution in France?

1. leaders lost touch with everyday people, 2. country heavily in debt with high taxes, 3. many poor people without hope

4

How did rich people live while there were so many poor?

French rich lived lavishly with fantastic luxuries.

5

why was France the most backward of all Europe?

Feudalism was still widespread with illiterate serfs and privileged nobles

6

How were the French middle class treated?

Bourgeoisie, the business class, were restricted which blocked the economy

7

Who did the Monarch of France answer to?

God – the divine right of kings

8

What were the enlightened thinkers called?

the philosophes

9

What did the philosophes believe?

they supported democracy and equality, hated injustice, and did not agree with the divine right of kings

10

What is lavishly?

spending or owning much more than is necessary

11

What is the feudal system?

the economic and social system of medieval Europe. Lords received lands from the ruler and serfs worked the land for the lord

12

What is illiterate?

unable to read

13

What is privileged?

having special rights and benefits not given to all people

14

Who are philosphes?

educated people who had theories about society and government

15

What is absolute monarch?

rule by a sovereign with unlimited power, one who is above the law

16

What is democracy?

a government that answers to the wishes of the people

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