Flashcards in Chapter 2 Review Deck (42):
What are Protestants
Any Christian not belonging to the Roman Catholic or orthodox eastern church
What are royalists/cavaliers
They were supporters of the king who came from wealthy or noble families
What was an absolute monarch
A king or queen or emperor or empress that has unlimited power
What was the reformation
The reformation started when Martin Luther nailed the 95 thesis to the church wall
They were Cromwells army. They were people from towns and farmers.
What is an Empire
A group of states or country's under the same ruler
What was the glorious revolution
The glorious revolution finally happened when king and queen Mary and William came to rule because the parliament chose them and England became a constitutional monarchy
What is a Constitutional monarchy
When a king or queen rules according to the laws of the nation
What is a Republic
A country without a monarch
What was the renaissance
It was a time of rebirth of art and culture and literature when people started not totally depending on religion the guide them through life. People started drawing and writing about every day life
What is a democracy
A government that is controlled by the people who live under it
What were the blue laws
Very strict laws the blue laws outlawed pagan ceremonies such as Christmas dancing gambling sports and theatre
Order of events
James I becomes king
Charles I becomes king
Was the Church of England. It changed with each monarch it decided how church's would be run all over the country
The Magna Carta was also know as the great charter which guarenteed the English people certain civil rights
Charles I and the parliament
He was unwilling to compromise with parliament and believed in the DRoK he was narrow minded and didn't like socializing.charles constantly needed money for his extravagant life style
Charles and money
Charles biggest trouble was never having enough money for his extravagant lifestyle. He wouldn't agree with parliament so he found ways to raise money, 1. ship money, 2. forced people to loan him money, 3. he mortgaged royal properties, 4. collected custom fees know as poundage and tunnage, 5. billeted his soldiers in people's houses, 6. he sold noble titles, 7. also the court of star chamber
Court of star chamber
It was to convict, imprison, and fine his enemies. People tried under this court had No rights under the law.
Archbishop Laud and puritans
1. At a time when puritans were protesting against decoration and ritual church as "papist" 2. Laud put more decorations. 3. As a result puritans violently attacked churches, carvings, books, and paintings, carved rails, and glass windows
Charles I and Scott's
He tried to make Scotland and England the same religion. Scott's were prebesbyterians and they signed a covenant (agreement) to resist this demand and revolted. Charles needed money fore soldiers to shut down the revolt.("he called a new parliament "short parliament" which he shut down in three weeks")
Lasted 13 years 1. Charles gave parliament laud and Stratford to execute them 2. Parliament planed to pass the grand remonstrance which made the king not have as much power. 3. Royal prerogative, the king could break the law in emergency. 4. Charles marched in 500 shoulders to arrest people 'illegally' 5. Charles ran to Scotland and his wife pawned her grown jewels
Outbreak of civil war
Against the king and the parliament. Parliaments army was well equipped and religious, disciplined, steel body army and lobster tail helmets.
Who controlled parliament after war
Only the puritans and the Presbyterians were left until parliament sent colonel pride to drive out 143 Presbyterians. Only the puritans were left
Charles I end
Charles was guilty of high treason (treason was the act of trying to overthrow the monarch) 1649
Ireland and Scotland were against the commonwealth. Both countries were supporters of Charles II being the king, Cromwell sent in the army to end the royalists threat in these countries
They were strict laws that Cromwell made, you couldn't dance sing celebrate Christmas or Easter, no gambling or sports or theatre
Parliament and the retoring or the monarch
After Cromwell died general monk recalled the long parliament, he ordered parliament to dissolve and have an election, the new parliament decided to invite Charles II to being which was an unpopular decision
Charles bribed and blackmailed royal supporters known as Tories and the opponents of the catholic monarchy were Whigs the blue laws were deleted because Charles was a fun loving guy
An act forbidding people who were not with the Church of England to have any political office jobs or entering the professions
Bill of rights
The bill of rights were laws for the king 1. He couldn't execute anyone without the consent of parliament 2. The people could petition against the king 3. The parliament people could speak their mind 4. It had to be a fair bail
James II beliefs
When Charles II died his successor James II was the new king he was openly catholic. James tried to give Catholics high official positions against the test act James believed in the DRoK
People liked Charles ilegitemet son so James started a rein of terror
Suspected rebels "bloody assizes"
William and Mary of orange
In 1688 parliament invited James II Protestant daughter, Mary and her husband William to become the monarch. This particular event was know as the glorious revolution
He wrote a number of books and published them after the glorious revolution
1. He thought everyone should have liberty and property 2. People should surrender their natural rights to the government 3. If government failed to protect their rights the people should be allowed to revolt and overthrow the government
Examples for each of the three classes in England
Uc: nobles, high church officials, knights, gentlemen, government officials.
Mc: traders by sea, people in law art and sciences, shopkeepers, naval military officers.
Lc: sailors and soldiers, labouring people and out-servants, cottagers and paupers.
New products avaloable from colonies
Pineapple, popcorn, potatoes, coffee, tea, chocolate, and tobacco
Court of star chamber
Was a royal court in which people had no civil rights. It was used to; convict, imprison, and fine his enemies.
Blue laws Were very strict Calvinist laws that outlawed; pagan ceremonies such as Christmas, dancing, gambling, sports, theatre
How did James I alienate the people of England
1.made a book to bother the puritans
2.he was a tyrant "a cruel unjust ruler or person"
3.he introduced the DRoK which upset many people
4.he did not make a good first impression with his heavy Scottish accent
5. He had careless habits and dressed poorly
6. He gave his advisors noble titles which upset the nobility
How did Charles I alienate the people of England
1.he let buckingham go to war which upset many Poole
2. Charles was very aloof
3.he was narrow minded and didn't like socializing
4.people complained about how much money he spent on extravagant things
5. He believed in the DRoK which upset people
6.he was unwilling to compromise with parliament with made parliament very angry
What was guaranteed in the bill of rights
1. You could not be executed without the consent of parliament
2. You could elect whoever you wanted to be parliament
3. There was a freedom of speech
4. If there was a bail it had to be reasonable
5. Parliament had to be held frequently
What basic human rights did john Locke believe in.
He believed In natural rights
1. To live
2. To be free
3. To have property
What were the lasting effects of the English civil war
1. Started to have a modern army run by Cromwell
2. Constitutional monarchy
3. Parliamentary democracy "parliament was elected"
4. There were 350 years of war in Ireland because The Catholics and Protestants were fighting
From the civil war there were 3 traditions that we use today in parliament
1. Barred doors
2. Mace "sign of authority of the people"
3. The reluctant speaker "the parliament can't do anything without the speaker"