Vocab Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab Chapter 2 Deck (52):
1

What is democracy?

a government that is controlled by the peope who live under it

2

What are civil rights?

the rights of a citizen

3

What is the Magna Carta?

the Great Charter which guaranteed the English people certain civil rights

4

What is a monarch?

the king or queen

5

What is a civil war?

A war between citizens of a country

6

What is a republic?

a country without a monarch, such as the USA

7

What is a constitutional monarchy?

a monarchy in which the monarch rules according to the constitution and laws of the nation

8

What is the Gulf Stream?

a warm ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico north along the coast of the United States and then east to Europe

9

What is the Spanish Armarda?

a great fleet of ships sent by Spain in 1588 to invade England

10

What does 'to colonize' mean?

to settle in and control the lands of others

11

What is an entrepreneur?

a person who runs a buisness, taking the isk in order to make the profit

12

What is a guild?

a medieval association of craftsmen or tradsemen which upheld standards and protected its members

13

What is a protestant?

any Christian not belonging to the Roman Catholic or Orthodox Eastern Church

14

What is a congregation?

an assembly of people who gather for religious worship

15

What is the Church of England?

the established church in England, headed by the monarch

16

What does elaborate mean?

decorated, ceremonial

17

What does 'to dissent' mean?

to differ in opinion, disagree, refuse to conform to the established Church

18

What is a Calvanist?

a follower of the teachings of John Calvin, a leader of the Protestant Reformation

19

What does 'to tolerate' mean?

to allow people to live, think, or worship according to their own beliefs

20

What is original sin?

in traditional Christian belief, the state of sin in which all humans live because Adam and Even disobeyed God

21

What is hysteria?

a state of uncontrolled excitement

22

What does "to duck" mean?

to plunge suddenly under water and out again

23

What is an absolute monarch?

a king, queen, emperor, or empress with unlimited power

24

What is slovenly?

untidy, dirty, careless in dress, appearance, and habits

25

What does to exalt mean?

to place high in rank, honour, or power

26

What does to debase mean?

to make low in rank, honor or power

27

What is a tyrant?

a cruel and unjust ruler or person

28

What does incompetent mean?

lacking ability

29

What does to ally mean?

to combine with for a special purpose

30

What does to compromise mean?

to settle a dispute, with both sides giving up a part of what they demand

31

What is an extravagance?

careless and lavish spending, wastefulness

32

What is a favourite?

a person or thing liked better than others, a person treated specially

33

What does to alienate mean?

to cause someone to become indifferent or hostile

34

What does to despise mean?

to hate, to scorn, to deny respect

35

What is ship money?

In earlier times, coastal towns had to supply the king with ships, or their value in money. Charles 1 made all towns and landowners pay ship money

36

What is tonnage and poundage?

a customs duty or tax collected on the tons and pouunds of goods coming into or leaving a country

37

What does to billet mean?

to require homeowners to provide food and lodging for soldiers

38

What is title?

a name showing a person's rank and position in life. Charles 1 forced anyone with property worth forty pounds or more to pay him a large fee to become a knight

39

What is the Court of Star Chamber

a royal court in which people had no legal rights

40

What is satire?

a literary work in which corruption, stupidity, foolishness or abuses are held up to ridicule and contempt

41

What is seditious libel?

false and malicious statements against the monarch which are treasonable

42

What is pillory?

a device consisting of a wooden board with holes for the had and arms, in which offeners were exposed in public scorn

43

What is a writ of habeus corpus?

an order requiring that a prisoner be taken to court to decide if he or she is being imprisoned lawfully

44

What is a Presbyterian?

a Protestant church governed by presbyters (elders)

45

What is a covenant?

agreement

46

What is a dilemma?

a difficult choice

47

What are the Crown Jewels?

jewels used but not owned byt the royal family

48

What is the militia?

citizens who are not regular soldiers, but who are trained to act as soldiers in times of emergency

49

What is a lobster tail helmet?

a soldier's helmet with joined plates on the back to protect the neck

50

What is regicide?

a person who kills, or participates in the killing of a king

51

What is a Test Act?

an act forbidding anyone except members of the Church of England from holding political office or entering the professions

52

What does To Abdicate mean?

to give up or renounce

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