Flashcards in Vocab Chapter 2 Deck (52):
What is democracy?
a government that is controlled by the peope who live under it
What are civil rights?
the rights of a citizen
What is the Magna Carta?
the Great Charter which guaranteed the English people certain civil rights
What is a monarch?
the king or queen
What is a civil war?
A war between citizens of a country
What is a republic?
a country without a monarch, such as the USA
What is a constitutional monarchy?
a monarchy in which the monarch rules according to the constitution and laws of the nation
What is the Gulf Stream?
a warm ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico north along the coast of the United States and then east to Europe
What is the Spanish Armarda?
a great fleet of ships sent by Spain in 1588 to invade England
What does 'to colonize' mean?
to settle in and control the lands of others
What is an entrepreneur?
a person who runs a buisness, taking the isk in order to make the profit
What is a guild?
a medieval association of craftsmen or tradsemen which upheld standards and protected its members
What is a protestant?
any Christian not belonging to the Roman Catholic or Orthodox Eastern Church
What is a congregation?
an assembly of people who gather for religious worship
What is the Church of England?
the established church in England, headed by the monarch
What does elaborate mean?
What does 'to dissent' mean?
to differ in opinion, disagree, refuse to conform to the established Church
What is a Calvanist?
a follower of the teachings of John Calvin, a leader of the Protestant Reformation
What does 'to tolerate' mean?
to allow people to live, think, or worship according to their own beliefs
What is original sin?
in traditional Christian belief, the state of sin in which all humans live because Adam and Even disobeyed God
What is hysteria?
a state of uncontrolled excitement
What does "to duck" mean?
to plunge suddenly under water and out again
What is an absolute monarch?
a king, queen, emperor, or empress with unlimited power
What is slovenly?
untidy, dirty, careless in dress, appearance, and habits
What does to exalt mean?
to place high in rank, honour, or power
What does to debase mean?
to make low in rank, honor or power
What is a tyrant?
a cruel and unjust ruler or person
What does incompetent mean?
What does to ally mean?
to combine with for a special purpose
What does to compromise mean?
to settle a dispute, with both sides giving up a part of what they demand
What is an extravagance?
careless and lavish spending, wastefulness
What is a favourite?
a person or thing liked better than others, a person treated specially
What does to alienate mean?
to cause someone to become indifferent or hostile
What does to despise mean?
to hate, to scorn, to deny respect
What is ship money?
In earlier times, coastal towns had to supply the king with ships, or their value in money. Charles 1 made all towns and landowners pay ship money
What is tonnage and poundage?
a customs duty or tax collected on the tons and pouunds of goods coming into or leaving a country
What does to billet mean?
to require homeowners to provide food and lodging for soldiers
What is title?
a name showing a person's rank and position in life. Charles 1 forced anyone with property worth forty pounds or more to pay him a large fee to become a knight
What is the Court of Star Chamber
a royal court in which people had no legal rights
What is satire?
a literary work in which corruption, stupidity, foolishness or abuses are held up to ridicule and contempt
What is seditious libel?
false and malicious statements against the monarch which are treasonable
What is pillory?
a device consisting of a wooden board with holes for the had and arms, in which offeners were exposed in public scorn
What is a writ of habeus corpus?
an order requiring that a prisoner be taken to court to decide if he or she is being imprisoned lawfully
What is a Presbyterian?
a Protestant church governed by presbyters (elders)
What is a covenant?
What is a dilemma?
a difficult choice
What are the Crown Jewels?
jewels used but not owned byt the royal family
What is the militia?
citizens who are not regular soldiers, but who are trained to act as soldiers in times of emergency
What is a lobster tail helmet?
a soldier's helmet with joined plates on the back to protect the neck
What is regicide?
a person who kills, or participates in the killing of a king
What is a Test Act?
an act forbidding anyone except members of the Church of England from holding political office or entering the professions