Chp3: Vocabulary Review Flashcards Preview

Socials 9 > Chp3: Vocabulary Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chp3: Vocabulary Review Deck (37):
1

lavishly

in an expensive manner, spending or owning much more than is necessary

2

feudal system

the economic and social system of medieval Europe. Lords received land from the ruler and serfs worked the land for the lord

3

illiterate

unable to read

4

privileged

having special rights and benefits not given to all people

5

philosophes

educated people who had theories about society and government

6

absolute monarchy

rule by a sovereign with unlimited power, one who is above the law

7

democracy

a government that answers to the wishes of the people

8

tithe

one tenth of one's annual income or produce from land

9

bias

favoring one viewpoint without reason

10

artisan

a craftsperson

11

inflation

a situation in which the price of goods rises quickly

12

monopoly

the exclusive right to sell a product to a group of people

13

tariff

a tax

14

toll

a charge to use a road or bridge

15

infrastructure

the roads, canals, and other means of communication and travel within a country

16

to simulate

to recreate

17

Calvinist

Protestants who followed the strict philosophy of John Calvin

18

deficit

the money the government is short each year after it pays its bills

19

scandal

something that draws public attention and criticism

20

portfolio

the area of responsibility of a government official, for example defense or the budget

21

catalyst

something that helps other things to change

22

salon

a meeting of intellectuals to discuss exciting ideas

23

reason

the ability to think critically and draw logical conclusions

24

bigotry

prejudice

25

censored

something one is forbidden to see, hear or read

26

republican government

a government in which all power rests with the citizens who vote to elect their leader

27

bloc

a group

28

mercenary

a paid soldier

29

cockade

an ornament worn on top of a hat

30

chateau

the mansions and great estates of the rich

31

constitution

a document that sets out the major laws and principles of a government

32

emigres

people who leave one country for another

33

radical

someone who wants major change quickly

34

speculator

a person who deals in products and hopes to take advantage of sudden rise or fall in prices

35

allegiance

a formal declaration of loyalty

36

logo

a graphic symbol often used in advertising

37

scaffold

the raised platform for the guillotine or gallows

Decks in Socials 9 Class (69):