4/26/13 Flashcards Preview

STEP II > 4/26/13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4/26/13 Deck (18):
1

What is the most common congenital heart defect in Edward's syndrome?

VSD

2

Supravalvular aortic stenosis is associated w/ _______ syndrome.

Williams

3

Conotruncal abnormalities (truncus arteriosus, ToF, interrupted aortic arch) are associated w/ _______ and _______ syndromes.

DiGeorge and velocardiofacial syndromes

4

PDA in a newborn is usu. assoc'ed w/ _______.

Congenital rubella

5

What do you do for a pt w/ stable, narrow-complex tachycardia?

slow conduction through AV node w/ vagal maneuvers, or ABC - Adenosine or β-blockers and Ca++ channel blockers

6

What do you do for any unstable tachycardia w/ a pulse?

Synchronized cardioversion

7

What do you do for wide, stable tach?

antiarrhythmics: IV amiodarone or sotalol (or lidocaine)

8

How does acyclovir cause acute kidney injury?

crystalizes in renal tubules and obstructs

9

What is is the first step after a painless, hard mass is found in the testicle with a US suggestive of a tumor?

remove testicle and cord

10

What is the most common middle ear pathology in HIV (+) individuals?

serous otitis media

11

What is serous otitis media?

middle ear effusion w/o active infection

12

Pernicious anemia increases the risk of what?

gastric cancer

13

Why is the risk of gastric cancer increased in pts w/ pernicious anemia?

atrophic gastritis

14

What is the typical EEG finding in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?

periodic sharp wave complexes

15

Third trimester bleeding. Tender, firm, hyperactive uterus.

abruptio placentae

16

Painless third trimester bleeding. Non-tender uterus.

placenta previa

17

Painless ante-/intrapartum hemorrhage. Rapid decline in fetal heart tracing.

vasa previa

18

During labor, woman becomes agitated, tachycardic, and hyperventilates. Tender uterus. Pain subsides momentarily, vaginal bleeding.

uterine rupture