6/23/13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6/23/13 Deck (20):
1

What is the easiest way to tell trigeminal neuralgia and cluster headaches apart?

TN is in the FACE
CHs are BEHIND THE EYE

2

What is the drug of choice in trigeminal neuralgia?

carbamazepine

3

What is the danger of carbamazepine use?

aplastic anemia

4

How long does each episode of trigeminal neuralgia last?

seconds

5

How long does each cluster headache last?

minutes to hours

6

What type of symptoms are present in cluster headaches but not in trigeminal neuralgia?

autonomic (conjunctival injection, rhinorrhea)

7

What is the best initial therapy for frostbite?

rapid rewarming with warm water

8

What is the Tx of severe PjP?

TMP-SMX and Steroids

9

How is severe PjP defined?

PaO2 35 mmHg

10

What is the most specific marker for the Dx of acute HBV?

IgM anti-HBc

11

What does the window period in HBV refer to?

between HBsAg and anti-HBs

12

Colon biopsy w/ pigment in the MΦs of the lamina propria or brown discoloration of the mucosa (melanosis coli) w/ prominent white lymph follicles indicates what cause of diarrhea?

laxative abuse

13

_______ presents w/ anion gap metabolic acidosis, tinnitus, fever, and hyperventilation (i.e. respi alkalosis).

aspirin intoxication

14

What is the Tx for ANY unstable pt w/ tachycardia, whether narrow or wide complex?

DC cardioversion

15

Pts w/ Hashimoto's thyroiditis are at increased risk of developing what thyroid cancer?

thyroid lymphoma

16

What is the first-line Tx for pemphigus vulgaris?

steroids

17

In addition to steroids, what drugs may be used for pemphigus vulgaris?

MTX, azothioprine

18

Which Ab test is most sensitive for Celiac dz?

anti-tissue transglutaminase

19

Which Ab test is most specific for Celiac dz?

anti-endomysial

20

What are thought to be the causes of Zenker's diverticulum (2)?

UES dysfunction and impaired esophageal motility