6/9/13 b Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6/9/13 b Deck (20):
1

What imaging modality should be used to Dx AAA in the presence of bowel distention or obesity?

Contrast CT

2

Name an appropriate IV antibiotic for CNS or late diffuse Lyme disease.

Ceftriaxone, Cefotaxime, Penicillin G

3

In what case would you use an intr-aortic balloon pump?

cardiogenic shock post-MI

4

What is the first-line tx for a pt w/ Sx (dizziness, syncope) from bradycardia or conduction block?

transcutaneous pacing

5

What is the antidote for β-blocker overdose?

glucagon!

6

What is the underlying propblem in Kallman;'s syndrome?

GnRH deficiency

7

What is the tx of Kallman's syndrome for pts who do not currently want to get pregnant?

estrogen and progesterone replacement

8

What should be done if pregnancy is desired by a pt w/ kallman's syndrome?

pulsatile GnRH to induce ovulation

9

What is the use of brain natriuretic peptide testing?

dx CHF if unclear

10

What are 2 reasons for echocardiogram in a pt presenting w/ CHF?

1. diastolic or systolic
2. ejection fraction

11

Where is most EPO produced in adults?

kidney

12

What is the first test, after a nornal resting ECG, for a pt. presenting w/ Sx of stable angina?

exercise stress test (stress EKG)

13

If the baseline (resting) EKG of a pt presenting w/ Sx of stable angina has abnormalities (e.g. ST-depression, LBBB), what test sould be done next?

stress echo or nuclear stress test (thallium, sestamibi)

14

What are the results of a stress echo positive for angina?

hypokinesia of affected myocardium

15

What are the results of a nuclear stress test positive for angina?

diminished radiotracer uptake by affected myocardium

16

What is the most common valvular disease?

mitral valve prolapse

17

Which is used to summarize the results of a prospective cohort study, relative risk or odds ratio?

relative risk

18

Which is used to summarize the results of a RETROspective cohort study, relative risk or odds ratio?

odds ratio

19

What type of study, other than a retrospective cohort study, utilizes an odds ratio?

case-control

20

What condition is characterized by the following?
- bilateral pulmonary infiltrates
- PaO2/FiO2 <200 mmHg
- no evidence of heart failure/ increased L. atrial pressure

ARDS