5/14/13 Flashcards Preview

STEP II > 5/14/13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 5/14/13 Deck (23):
1

What is the most common cause of death in acute myocardial infarction?

ventricular fibrillation

2

What is another name for VF?

reentrant ventricular arrhythmia

3

What is the first-line medical treatment for idiopathic benign intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri)?

acetazolamide

4

The mnemonic SIG E CAPS can be used to remember the criteria (5/9) for diagnosing major depression. What does it stand for?

Sleep
Interest
Guilt
Energy
Concentration
Appetite
Psychomotor agitation/retardation
Suicidality

5

What 3 hormones are deficient in women suffering from secondary amenorrhea due to excessive exercise and undernutrition?

LH, FSH, and ESTROGEN

6

What should be done for low-risk pts w/ ASC-US on Pap smear and CIN I on colpscopic biopsy?

repeat Pap smear in 6 and 12 mos or do HPV testing at 12 mos

7

If a newborn babe presents with hand paralysis and ipsilateral ptosis and miosis, what kind of paralysis is it?

Klumpke's paralysis (C7, C8, and T1)

8

What are the two most common organisms causing unilateral lymphadenitis in children in order?

S. aureus, GAS

9

What organism tends to cause unilateral lymphadenitis in children, along w/ fever, chills, headache, and malaise after contact with a rabbit, hamster, or blood-sucking arthropod?

Francisella tularensis

10

Pain and decreased visual acuity w/in six weeks of ophthalmic surgery with swollen eyelids and conjunctiva, hypopyon, corneal edema, and infection. Dx?

postoperative endophthalmitis

11

Pt. has proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, chemosis, and visual loss folowing sinus infection. Dx?

cavernous sinus thrombosis

12

Ophthalmology: What is chemosis?

edema/swelling of conjunctiva

13

Ophthalmology: What is hypopyon?

leukocytic exudate in anterior chamber

14

When should a pt w/ FAP undergo proctocolectomy?

at age of Dx

15

What does CREST syndrome stand for again?

Calcinosis
Raynaud's phenomenon
Esophageal dysmotility
Sclerodactyly
Telangiectasias

16

Young womoan w/ bilateral trigeminal neuralgia is a red light for what?

multiple sclerosis

17

What pathogen causes aseptic meningitis?

echovirus

18

What characterizes first-degree heart block?

prolonged PR interval (>0.2 sec)

19

What are the 3 most common causes of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children?

Pneumococcus, H. influenzae (non-typeable), and Moraxella catarrhalis

20

What is the treatment of choice for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis?

amoxicillin-clavulanic acid

21

Dysmenorrhea, heavy menses, and an enlarged uterus is classic for _______.

uterine fibroids

22

What causes pelvic congestion syndrome?

varicose vv. in the lower abd.

23

A pt with a dangerously low BP, depressed CO, and elevated PWCP is suffering from what?

cardiogenic shock