UWorld Practice Test Section 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in UWorld Practice Test Section 2 Deck (15):
1

Name 3 diseases that would cause Restrictive Myocarditis.

amyloidosis, hemochromatosis, and sarcoidosis

2

What condition would likely be the cause of heart failure in a young pt following an upper respiratory infection?

myocarditis

3

What is the most likely cause of myocarditis in the developed world?

Coxsackie B (or other virus)

4

Which kind of cardiomyopathy is a possible sequela of myocarditis?

dilated cardiomyopathy

5

Several months after sustaining a crushing injury to arm, pt. complains of constant, burning, agonizing pain that does not respond to analgesics. Pain is aggravated by the slightest stimulation of the area. Te arm is cold, cyanotic, and moist. Dx?

Causalgia (aka Complex Regional Pain Syndrome or CRPS)

6

What are the initial Sx of consuming a toxic dose of iron pills?

bloody vomiting and diarrhea

7

What are the later stages of acute iron toxicity (from oral ingestion)?

severe lactic acidosis, hepatotoxicity, and organ failure

8

What is a long-term intestinal complication of oral iron toxicity?

bowel obstruction

9

What property of a glioblastoma is the most predictive of pt prognosis?

tumor grade

10

What is a monoclonal Ab used to treat symptomatic CLL?

Rituximab

11

What is the target of Rituximab?

CD-20

12

What would be the target of a monoclonal Ab used to tx colorectal cancer?

EGFR

13

Is Alprazolam a short- or long-acting benzo?

short

14

Is Clonazepam a short- or long-acting benzo?

long

15

What is the most common cause of bacterial sepsis in sickle cell pts in the developed world?

Pneumococcus