6/12/13 Flashcards Preview

STEP II > 6/12/13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6/12/13 Deck (19):
1

What disease are Bouchard's and Heberden's nodes assoc'ed with?

osteoarthritis

2

At what gestational age would a normal pregnancy reach the level of the umbilicus?

20 wks

3

What is the most common cause of congenital hypothyroidism?

thyroid dysgenesis

4

What is the treatment of postoperative cholestasis?

nothing! (removal of any offending agent)

5

"Coin-shaped" or "discoid" eczematous, pruritic lesions on the skin, sparing the head.

Nummular eczema

6

What is the Tx of nummular eczema?

topical corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors

7

Which congenital cyanotic heart disease, which results in mild cyanosis, has 1 great vessel (instead of pulm a. and aorta) supluing the entire circulation?

truncus arteriosis

8

What is the effect of truncus arteriosus on the pulm. vasculature?

increased on x-ray

9

What is the first-line medical tx for hyperemesis gravidarum?

pyridoxine-doxylamine

10

What is 2nd line med tx for hyperemesis gravidarum?

promethazine

11

What is the most accurate test for determining a pt's systolic function (ejection fraction)?

MUGA scan

12

What drug should be used for an acute gout attack in a person w/ renal failure?

a corticosteroid

13

What does cardiac scintigraphy/sestamibi scan measure?

myocardial perfusion

14

What dsoes a MUGA scan measure?

ejection fraction

15

Perianal fissures, fistulae, and abscesses only occur in which type of IBD?

Crohn's

16

The 3 D's, dermatitis, dementia, and diarrhea, are caused by deficiency of _______.

niacin

17

Weakness, unsteady gait, diarrhea, tremor, and confusion in a pt w/ bipolar disorder is most likely d/t what?

toxic levels of Li

18

What medical condition predisposes to lithium toxicity?

renal failure

19

If the serum lithium level is greater than 2, what should be done?

dialysis