Flashcards in 6/14/13 (RTA) Deck (20):
Grief is only considered pathologic if it lasts longer than how long?
chronic htn --> _______ --> LV diastolic dysfunction
concentric hypertrophy of LV
Wha tis the first-line tx of LV diastolic dysfunction d/t htn?
What types of sensations are lost in anterior cord syndrome?
pain and temp
What is the next step in a 46 y.o. pt presenting w/ classic signs of GERD?
endoscopy (anyone over 45 or w/ alarm Sx)
What is the next step in a pt 44 y.o. presenting w/ classic signs/sx of GERD?
trial of PPI
How is mood disorder w/ psychotic features different from schizoaffective disorder?
psychosis only occurs at the same time as mood disorder and mood disorder may occur in the absence of psychotic Sx
What classes of drugs may be used to tx akathisia from neuroleptics?
benzos or β-blockers
Name two drugs commonly used to tx neuroleptic malignant syndrome.
dantrolene and bromocriptine
What is the main tx for panic disorder?
SSRI and CBT
What may be added to SSRI and CBT for acute control of panic attacks?
What cyanotic congenital heart defect may appear with a lg supracardiac shadow along with a lg cardiac shadow (snowman) and increased pulm vascularity?
total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR)
What is the anatomical defect in total anomalous pulmonary venous return?
pulm v. drains into RV
What typically causes airway obstruction in mechanically ventillated pts?
mucus plug (d/t decreased mucociliary clearance)
_______ should be suspected in any pt w/ a non-anion gap metabolic acidosis and a urine pH >5.5.
Type 1 RTA
What is the defect in type 1 RTA?
inability to secrete H+ in distal tubule
What are clinical features of RTA type 1?
nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis
What is the diagnostic test for type 1 RTA?
What is a positive result for type 1 RTA in the give acid test?
urine remains alkaline