Flashcards in 6/15/13 a Deck (19)
By what age should dyslipidemia screening be started in men? women?
What is the screening test for dyslipidemia?
fasting lipid profile
_______ refer to sudden loss of tone in the lower extremities and probably result from episodic cerebral vascular insufficiency.
_______ may occur after emptying a distended ladder (micturition syncope) or following prolonged coughing (tussive syncope).
What is the histo appearrance of primary biliary cirrhosis on liver biopsy?
periductal mononuclear infiltrate w/ duct destruction
What is used in the early tx of MI secondary to cocaine use?
What is the location of Morton's neuroma? Benign or malignant?
between 3rd and 4th toes, plantar; benign
Pressure to where typically causes sharp pain in plantar fasciitis?
What is the mech by which hypothyroidism causes irregular intermenstrual bleeding?
anovulation --> unoppsed estrogen --> breakthrough bleeding
What are dacrocytes on peripheral blood smear assoc'ed w/?
myelophthistic anemia (as in myelofibrosis)
How long can post-partum lochia last?
up to 8 wks
What causes postpartum lochia?
normal shedding of endometrium
Ectopic pregnancy: What is the discriminatory zon threshold, i.e. the level of β-hCG at which an intrauterine pregnancy should be visualized on TVS?
What happens to the serum sodium and osmolality in (organic) diabetes insipidus?
What 2 meds cn be used to tx nephrogenic DI?
amiloride or thiazide
What causes hypercalcemia d/t immobilization?
Serum levels of _______ should be taken first in a pt who appears to be suffering from digitalis toxicity.
electrolytes, esp. K+
What organism typically causes pneumonia in infants w/ a staccato cough?