6/15/13 a Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6/15/13 a Deck (19):
1

By what age should dyslipidemia screening be started in men? women?

35; 45

2

What is the screening test for dyslipidemia?

fasting lipid profile

3

_______ refer to sudden loss of tone in the lower extremities and probably result from episodic cerebral vascular insufficiency.

Drop attacks

4

_______ may occur after emptying a distended ladder (micturition syncope) or following prolonged coughing (tussive syncope).

reflex syncope

5

What is the histo appearrance of primary biliary cirrhosis on liver biopsy?

periductal mononuclear infiltrate w/ duct destruction

6

What is used in the early tx of MI secondary to cocaine use?

benzos

7

What is the location of Morton's neuroma? Benign or malignant?

between 3rd and 4th toes, plantar; benign

8

Pressure to where typically causes sharp pain in plantar fasciitis?

heel

9

What is the mech by which hypothyroidism causes irregular intermenstrual bleeding?

anovulation --> unoppsed estrogen --> breakthrough bleeding

10

What are dacrocytes on peripheral blood smear assoc'ed w/?

myelophthistic anemia (as in myelofibrosis)

11

How long can post-partum lochia last?

up to 8 wks

12

What causes postpartum lochia?

normal shedding of endometrium

13

Ectopic pregnancy: What is the discriminatory zon threshold, i.e. the level of β-hCG at which an intrauterine pregnancy should be visualized on TVS?

>1500 IU/L

14

What happens to the serum sodium and osmolality in (organic) diabetes insipidus?

both increase

15

What 2 meds cn be used to tx nephrogenic DI?

amiloride or thiazide

16

What causes hypercalcemia d/t immobilization?

bone resorption

17

Serum levels of _______ should be taken first in a pt who appears to be suffering from digitalis toxicity.

electrolytes, esp. K+

18

What organism typically causes pneumonia in infants w/ a staccato cough?

Chlamydia trachomatis

19

in a pt w/ PUD associated w/ H. pylori that has failed a round of triple therapy, what is the next step?

urea breath test