Flashcards in 6/21/13 b Deck (20)
What is the #1 killer of pts on dialysis?
MEN 2a and 2b are d/t mutations in the _______-protooncogene.
If a mechanically ventillated pt has a low PaO2, but also a low PaCO2, what 2 parameters could be increased to increase oxygenation?
FiO2 and PEEP
High FiO2 can cause pulmonary oxygen toxicity. Therefore, the goal should be to keep the FiO2 below ___% at all times.
If a mechanically ventillated pt's PaCO2 were too high, what two parameters could you increase?
respiratory rate or tidal volume
What is the mech of hypocalcemia following massive blood transfusion?
citrate chelates Ca++ out
What are 3 Sx of hypocalcemia?
decreased DTRs, muscle cramps, and seizures (rare)
Wha is the best step in Dx of cysticercosis?
ELISA for Abs
An infant w/ lethargy, dehydration, NO diarrhea, and an enlarged ant. fontanelle points to a process located _______.
What are the drugs of choice in premenstrual dysphoric disorder or severe PMS?
What is the first-line therapy for dysmenorrhea?
The history in a newborn of cyanosis on feeding which disappears upon crying is indicative of _______.
bilateral choanal atresia
What are the abnormalities of thje CHARGE association?
What is the VACTERL assoc'n?
Pt has pulm edema d/t LV failure and doesn't improve w/ furosemide, nitrates, and morphine. What drug should be given now?
Why is dobutamine used rather than dopamine in LV failure?
both are positive inotropes, but dobutamine dilates peripheral vasculature, while dopamine has a pressor effect
What is the big risk adverse effect of Bleomycin or Busulfan?
pulmonary or retroperitoneal fibrosis
What is the danger of CYsplatin?
What is the danger of cytarabine?
eye problems (SIGHT-arabine will make you lose your sight!)