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Flashcards in UWorld 2 Deck (19):
1

Back pain, esp. in lumbar area, w/ low-grade fever, elevated ESR, and possibly tenderness over the spine is should raise suspicion for what?

vertebral osteomyelitis

2

What is the most sensitive test for vertebral osteomyelitis?

MRI of spinal cord

3

What are two serious (and related) complications of vertebral osteomyelitis?

epidural abscess and spinal cord compression

4

What group of muscles does the femoral nerve innervate?

ant. thigh (quads, sartorius, pectineus)

5

Where does the femoral nerve provide sensation?

ant. thigh and medial leg

6

What branch of the femoral n. supplies sensory innervation to the medial leg?

saphenous n.

7

What group of mm. does the obturator n. innervate?

medial thigh (adductor longus, brevis, and magnus [ant. pt.])

8

Where does the obturator n. provide sensation to?

medial thigh

9

To which compartement of the leg does the superficial peroneal nerve provide motor innervation?

lateral

10

To what compartment of the leg does the deep peroneal nerve provide motor innervation?

ant.

11

Where does the superficial peroneal n. provide cutaneous sensation?

dorsum of foot

12

Where does the deep peroneal n. provide cutaneous sensation?

first web space (btwn great and 2nd toes)

13

To which groups of muscles does the tibial nerve provide motor innervation?

post. thigh, post. leg, and plantar foot

14

Where does the tibial n. provide cutaneous sensation?

leg (except medial) and plantar foot

15

Pts w/ ______ complain of severe pain, pain w/ passive ROM, paresthesias, pallor, and paresis of affected limb.

Compartment syndrome

16

What is the treatment for compartment syndrome?

emergent fasciotomy

17

The liver synthesizes all of the clotting factors except _______.

factor VIII

18

The long-term treatments of choice for bipolar disorder are litium or _______.

valproic acid

19

What two things should be checked before prescribing lithium?

creatinine and thyroid function