Flashcards in UWorld Practice Test Section 1b Deck (12):
What is the state of Ca++ in renal failure (renal osteodystrophy?
Why is Ca++ low in renal failure?
no 1,25-OH Vit D
What is the state of phosphate in renal failure?
Why is phosphate high in renal osteodystrophy?
What dz is assoc'ed w/ anti-CENTROMERE Abs?
What dz is assoc'ed w/ anti neutrophil cytoplasmic Abs?
granulomatosis w/ polyangiitis
What dz is assoc'ed w/ anti-smooth muscle Abs?
What dz is assoc'ed w/ anti-mitochondrial Abs?
primary biliary cirrhosis
What is the classical area of pain referral in acute cholecystitis?
What pharmacological agents may be used for neurogenic urinary incontinence?
cholinergic agonists (e.g. bethanechol)
What pharmacological agents may be used to treaturge incontinence?
muscarinic antagonists (e.g. oxybutynin)