UWorld Practice Test Section 1b Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in UWorld Practice Test Section 1b Deck (12):
1

What is the state of Ca++ in renal failure (renal osteodystrophy?

low

2

Why is Ca++ low in renal failure?

no 1,25-OH Vit D

3

What is the state of phosphate in renal failure?

high

4

Why is phosphate high in renal osteodystrophy?

not excreted

5

What dz is assoc'ed w/ anti-CENTROMERE Abs?

CREST syndrome

6

What dz is assoc'ed w/ anti neutrophil cytoplasmic Abs?

granulomatosis w/ polyangiitis

7

What dz is assoc'ed w/ anti-smooth muscle Abs?

autoimmune hepatitis

8

What dz is assoc'ed w/ anti-mitochondrial Abs?

primary biliary cirrhosis

9

What is the classical area of pain referral in acute cholecystitis?

right scapula

10

What pharmacological agents may be used for neurogenic urinary incontinence?

cholinergic agonists (e.g. bethanechol)

11

What pharmacological agents may be used to treaturge incontinence?

muscarinic antagonists (e.g. oxybutynin)

12

What is the best initial tx to prevent bleeding of esophageal varices (aside from treating the underlying cirrhosis)?

β-blockers (propranolol, nadolol)