Flashcards in Heart Murmurs Deck (12)
What valvulopathy typically shows up in pregnancy?
What is the typical sound of mitral stenosis?
opening snap followed by a diastolic rumble
What valvulopathy would present as a harch systolic murmur in the 2nd-3rd left intercostal spaces?
Murmurs on which side of the heart will get louder on inspiration?
Why will right sided murmurs get louder on inspiration?
negative intrathoracic pressure increases venous return to the RA
What does the hand-grip maneuver do in terms of pressures?
increases systemic vascular resistance
What does the Valsalva maneuver do in terms of cardiac filling?
reduces venous return to heart
What does the Valsalva maneuver do to most heart murmurs?
makes them quieter
What does the Valsalva maneuver do to preload and afterload?
Which heart murmurs get louder w/ the Valsalva maneuver?
mitral prolapse and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
What maneuver makes the murmurs of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and mitral prolapse softer?