Flashcards in 6/5/13 Deck (20)
What is the mechanism of α-blockers in benign prostatic hyperplasia?
relax urethral sphincter
What are the best hypertensive choices for pts w/ chronic kidney failure?
ACE-Is and ARBs
What causes black pigment stones in the gallbladder?
What causes brown pigment stones in the gallbladder?
chronic infection, esp. parasitic
In any acute spinal injury or compression of any process, the first intervention should be ______.
hi-dose IV steroids
What is the next best step for suspected cord compression after steroids?
How long is the max. delay allowed for choosing PCI over thrombolytics for AMI?
What is the inheritance pattern of hereditary spherocytosis?
What vitamin should be supplemented in pts w/ hereditary spherocytosis?
What is the best medication for slowing the progression of diabetic nephropathy in all pts, whether or not they have htn?
What is the major cause of mortality in TCA overdose?
What should be administered to pts of TCA overdose to combat hypotension, prolonged QT interval, and arrhythmia?
What should be infused into pts suffering from torsade de pointes?
What is the initial treatment of anal fissure?
dietary modification, stool softeners, and local anesthetic
Define "salvage therapy".
A form of therapy used after standard therapy as failed.
How is induction therapy different from neoadjuvant?
induction may or may not be followed by another tx (e.g. surgery)
What is the other name of herceptin, the monoclonal Ab that targets the HER2 receptor?
What is resistance, a psychological defense mechanism?
refusal to bring an unpleasant unconscious thought to awareness
What electrolyte abnormality is a common complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage?
hyponatremia - "cerebral salt-wasting syndrome"