5/22/13 Flashcards Preview

STEP II > 5/22/13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 5/22/13 Deck (22):
1

What differentiates toxic epidermal necrolysis from Stevens-Johnson syndrome?

TEN involves >30% of the total body surface area

2

Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) is most commonly associated with what drugs?

anti-convulsants (e.g. phenytoin)

3

What should be done for sebaceous nevi discovered in babies?

biopsy and excision

4

Why should sebaceous nevi be removed?

usually develop into malignancies (esp. BCC) in adulthood

5

What kind of malignancy tends to develop at the site of giant congenital melanocytic nevi?

melanoma

6

What parameters define mild persistent asthma?

Sx >2x/wk but not daily, nighttime awakenings 3-4x/mo., FEV1 ≥80%

7

What is the treatment for mild persistent asthma?

albuterol + low-dose inhaled corticosteroid

8

What parameters define moderate asthma?

daily Sx, weekly nighttime awakenings, FEV1 60-80%

9

What is the baseline tx for moderate persistent asthma?

albuterol + low-dose inhaled corticosteroids + LABA

10

_______ is condition found in pts w/ longstanding diabetes. It is characterized by minimal pain, hyperlaxity of the joint, usu. the ankle, swelling, warmth, redness, and joint effusion.

Charcot joint

11

What is the other name for Charcot joint?

neuropathic arthropathy

12

How is neurosyphilis treated?

continuous IV crystalline penicillin G

13

Older pt w/ red eyes, headache, and blurred vision w/ halos around lights which is worse at night.

Acute angle-closure glaucoma

14

What would the fundoscopic exam show in acute angle-closure glaucoma?

optic disc is pale and edematous

15

What is the best initial treatment for acute angle closure glaucoma?

acetazolamide

16

What is the best initial tx for acute trigeminal neuralgia?

carbamazepine

17

_______ is characterized by hypotension, hi fever, vomiting, watery diarrhea, sore throat, myalgias, macular erythematous rash, conjunctivitis, and headache. It may occur following a break in the skin.

Toxic Shock Syndrome

18

What is the tx of toxic shock syndrome?

supportive + clindamycin and vancomycin

19

What are the parameters for itermittent asthma?

Sx ≤2/week, nighttime awakenings ≤2/mo, FEV1 ≥80%

20

What is the Tx for intermittent asthma?

only albuterol

21

What are the parameters for severe persistent asthma?

Sx continuously, nighttime awakenings frequent, FEV1 <60%

22

What is the tx for severe persistent asthma?

albuterol + LABA + hi-dose inhaled corticosteroids