6/24/13 a Flashcards Preview

STEP II > 6/24/13 a > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6/24/13 a Deck (13):
1

Sx of viral URI + coarse breath sounds =

bronchitis

2

What oral Abx regimens may be used for outpatient Tx of CAP in pts w/ comorbidities?

β-lactam + macrolide
β-lactam + doxycycline
fluoroquinolone only

3

An older person w/ atherosclerosis has an episode of hypoperfusion/vasoconstriction and then experiences abdominal pain affecting his small bowel.

non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI)

4

What is the characteristic finding on angiography in non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI)?

"string of sausages" pattern in SMA

5

What would predispose to VENOUS occlusion causing mesenteric ischemia?

hypercoagulability state

6

How does total calcium level decrease correlate to decreased serum albumin?

every 1g of albumin les than 4g/L = 0.8 mg/dL less Ca++

7

What is the tx of choice for PID?

ofloxacin for 14 days

8

What iss the Tx for PID w/ tubo-ovarian abscess?

clinda/genta IV

9

Which are the first 2 primitive reflexes to appear and disappear?

palmar grasp and rooting

10

What should you consider in a pt. presenting w/ Parkinsonism + orthostatic hypotension, impotence, incontinence, or other autonomic Sx?

Multiple system atrophy (Shy-Drager syndrome)

11

Gross autonomic dysfunction w/ severe orthostatic hypotension in an Ashkenazi child.

Riley-Day syndrome

12

What kind of cancer may arise in a chronic wound, such as a burn wound, and, if so, is called a Marjolin ulcer?

SCC

13

Actinic keratosis is a precursor to what kind of skin cancer?

SCC