Flashcards in 6/9/13 Deck (20)
What is the medical term for "skin tags"?
What is the #1 risk factor for A-fib?
After controlling Sx w/ a β-blocker, what is the next step in treating a pt. w/ symptomatic hyperthyroidism?
medical anti-thyroid therapy for a few weeks until radio-ablation
What is a hereditary form of rickets?
Hereditary Hypophosphatemic Rickets (aka Vit-D resistant rickets)
What is the inheritance pattern of hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets?
Why is the phosphate low in vitamin D-resistant rickets?
excreted in urine
What is is the treatment of choice for elderly, demented pts who develop agitation and paranoia?
low-dose atypical antipsychotics
What is the significance of a "ferning" pattern of amniotic fluid early in the third trimester?
What are the 5 types of tocolytics?
What heart sound sounds like "Whoop-de-doo!" and is normal in many children, young adults, and athletes?
What are 2 key differences between the presentation of Conn's syndrome and diuretic abuse?
diuretic abuse features:
- volume contraction
- hi plasma renin
What is the effect of hyperaldo on serum pH?
Will pts with acute exacerbations of COPD show an initial alkalosis and low pCO2 like asthmatic pts?
(They're old fogies; they get acidotic right away!)
What is the first-line tx for a hemodynamically unstable pt w/ a pulmonary embolism?
Rash, arthritis, abd pain, and p-ANCA.
Child has a mild fever and a diffuse, faintly erythematous eruption that progressesto bullae and then sloughing. Dx?
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS)
What body surfaces are usu spared in SSSS?
What cells mediate Stevens-Johnson syndrome or TEN?
What is the toxin released in SSSS?