5/25/13 Flashcards Preview

STEP II > 5/25/13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 5/25/13 Deck (20):
1

How long must Sx have been occurring to Dx dysthymic or cyclothymic disorder?

2 yrs

2

Wherein lies the defect in Alport's syndrome?

type IV collagen

3

What is the best first step in diagnosing Alport's syndrome?

skin biopsy and immunohistochemical analysis

4

How is a Dx of Alport's syndrome confirmed?

kidney biopsy

5

What is the characteristic finding on renal biopsy in Alport's syndrome?

splitting of the glomerular BM

6

What iss usually the first clinical manifestation of Alport's syndrome?

microscopic hematuria

7

What is the usual inheritance pattern for Alport's syndrome?

X-linked

8

An optimal Pap smear is taken from what part of the cervix?

transformation zone

9

What bacteria are most commonly isolated from cat bite wounds?>

Pasteurella multocida and S. aureus

10

What is the first line treatment for cat bite wounds?

Amoxicillin-clavulanate

11

Are fasciculations an upper or lower motor neuron lesion finding?

lower

12

What studies can be used to confirm a Dx of ALS?

nerve conmduction and emlectromyography

13

What is the only drug with any proven efficacy for treating ALS?

Riluzole

14

Which occurs first in ALS, proximal or distal muscle weakness?

distal

15

Whch occurs first in myasthenia gravis, proximal or distal muscle weakness?

proximal

16

Is polymyositis mainly proximal or distal muscle weakness?

Proximal!

17

Is polyneuropathy upper motor neuron, lower, or both?

lower

18

Where in the spinal cord are the lower motor neurons' cell bodies located?

anterior horn

19

Abdominal angina, arthritis, and skin nodules/ulceration on a background of constitutionalSx is highly suggestive of _______.

Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN)

20

What infection is polyarteritis nodosa associated with in up to 50% of cases?

HBV