Flashcards in UWorld Practice Test Section 1a Deck (19)
What is usually the first step in the case of protracted labor?
(oxytocin if membranes already ruptured)
What are 3 possible causes of an exudative pleural effusion w/ a high amylase level?
pancreatititis, esophageal rupture, and malignancy
What are the states of protein, glucose, and WBCs in a pleural effusion d/t TB?
protein very high (>4g/dL), glucose slightly below serum lvl, lymphocytic predominance
In HIV pts, t what CD4 count should anti-retroviral Tx be started?
What kind of IV Abx may be given for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis?
3rd gen cephalosporin, fluoroquinolone, or extended-spectrum penicillin (e.g. amoxicillin/clavulanic acid)
What lab finding would differentiate porphyria cutanea tarda from bullous pemphigoid?
What are the most common intracranial tumors in adults?
What are the most common PRIMARY CNS lesions in adults?
What condition is St. John's wort used to treat?
Symmetric proximal muscle weakness in an elderly person combined with elevated muscle enzymes, such as LDH and CPK.
What is the mech of hypotension in tension pneumothorax?
hi intrathoracic pressure impedes venous return
What does "complex" refer to w/ regard to a seizure?
loss of consciousness
What does "partial" refer to w/ regard to a seizure?
What is the tx for a stable pt w/ wide-complex tachycardia?
Amiodarone or Sotalol
What is the tx for a stable pt w/ narrow-complex tachycardia?
β-blockers or Ca++ channel blockers
Shiny, thin, hairless skin on the extremitiesand non-healing ulcers suggest what?
peripheral vascular disease
Severe, symptomatic hypercalcemiais usu. caused by what?
What medication may be used as an alternative to cholecystectomy or as prophylaxis for gallstone formation following gastric bypass surgery?