Flashcards in 6/7/13 Deck (19):
Where shouldn't you inject epi prior to suturing?
any site of end-organ perfusion (e.g. digits, penis, nose, ear)
What do you call the complication of herpes zoster that causes neuropathic pain before and after the lesions?
What agents can be used to treat post-herpetic neuralgia?
TCAs, gabapentin, and pregabalin
Name 2 TCAs.
What would be the most likely cause of sudden-onset, well-demarcted bleeding within a lobe of the cerebral cortex of an older person?
cerebral amyloid angiopathy
What sort of acute eye problem w/ pain, blurry vision, and increased intraocular pressure can arise secondary to anterior uveitis?
acute angle-closure glaucoma
Only hi-risk individuals should be screened for ovarian cancer. What are the first 2 steps, following Hx and PE, in screening hi-risk pts for ovarian cancer?
BRCA-1 mutation and fam Hx are both risk factors for ovarian cancer. Name the 2 diseases that are also risk factors.
dermatomyositis and HNPCC
How long must anti-coagulation w/ warfarin be continued in pts following a pulmonary embolus?
What is the best choice of anti-hypertensive in a pt. w/ htn and coronary artery disease?
What is a good choice of medication for pts w/ coronary artery disease who require rate control, but cannot tolerate β-blockers (e.g. asthmatics)?
What 2 comorbidities are the main indications for using ACE-Is as first-line antihypertensives?
DM and CHF
What is the most common form of melanoma?
superficial spreading melanoma
What are 2 choices for treatment of HITT?
lepirudin and argatroban
In the pediatric po., microhematuria following minor trauma is suggestive of _______. The first step in workup is _______.
congenital anomaly of the GU system; US
_______ is a type of colonic dysfunction mimicking obstruction that is often seen in elderly pts who are not very active and are further immobilized by extra-abdominal surgery .
What Abx should be administered to a pt with septic arthtritis but a negative Gram stain?
ceftriaxone and vancomycin
[cover Gram (-) (Gonococcus) and MRSA]
Theophylline has a very narrow therapeutic window. How would a drug interaction cause theophylline to surpass this window?
inhibition of CYP-450