6/16/13 a Flashcards Preview

STEP II > 6/16/13 a > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6/16/13 a Deck (14):
1

A few weeks after birth, a baby presents w/ projectile vomiting, eczematous rash, and photosensitivity. Dx?

phenylketonuria

2

Serum levels of what aa are high in PKU?

phenylalanine

3

What is the defect in Maple Syrup Urine Disease?

defect in metabolism of branched-chain aa's

4

Black-colored urine in alkaptonuria results from excretion of _______.

homogentisic acid

5

Which atypical antipsychotic has the least extrapyramidal side fx?

quetiapine

6

What can be used to tx children w/ frequent relapses of nephrotic syndrome despite prednisone?

cyclophosphamide

7

What is the main symptom of brucellosis?

recurrent fever

8

What kind of testicular tumor produces lg amts of androgens and presents w/ precocious puberty in children and feminization in adults?

Leydig cell tumors

9

Hearing loss w/ tinnitus and vertigo.

Ménière's disease

10

High frequency hearing loss in older person. May have a hard time in loud environments.

Presbycusis

11

Low frequency hearing loss in a middle-aged person.

Otosclerosis

12

Hip, knee, or groin pain + antalgic gait in a 4-10 y.o. boy.

avascular necrosis of the femoral head
(Legg-Calve-Perthes disease)

13

Hip, knee, or groin pain +antalgic gait in an obese adolescent male.

slipped capital femoral epiphysis

14

What is the most common cause of lower GI hemorrhage in elderly pts?

diverticulosis