6/4/13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6/4/13 Deck (21):
1

What acute visual problem occurs most commonly in women 20-45 y.o. and presents with marked loss of color vision (in addition to central scotoma and afferent pupillary defect)?

optic neuritis

2

What disease is commonly associated w/ optic neuritis?

MS

3

What kind of drug is clomipramine?

TCA

4

What disorder is clomipramine commonly used for?

OCD

5

What is the drug of choice for treating performance-related anxiety?

Propranolol

6

Elderly person w/ sudden onset of flashing lights, floaters and "curtain coming down" over their eyes. Dx?

retinal detachment

7

Sudden painless loss of vision in one eye. Fundoscopic exam: pale optic disc w/ cherry-red fovea. Dx?

Central Retinal Artery Occlusion (CRAO)

8

How can you tell leukemoid reaction from CML with standard lab tests?

leukocyte alkaline phosphatase (LAP) is high in leukemoid rxn (not CML)

9

What is the mutation in polycythemia vera and its effect?

JAK2 --> hypersensitivity to EPO

10

What is the characteristic appearrance of the rash of disseminated gonnorrhea?

red macules evolving into hemorrhagic pustules

11

What cells in the granulomas of sarcoidosis activate excess Vit. D?

MΦs

12

What is the first step if a peds pt has pharyngitis?

rapid strep test

13

What is the next step if the rapid strep test is negative?

throat culture

14

What is the first-line tx for strep throat?

Penicillin~!!!

15

What is a good tx for strep throat if pt is allergic to penicillin?

erythromycin

16

What is the best prognostic indicator in COPD?

FEV1

17

Hyperhomocystinemia is classically assoc'ed w/ what non-genetic condition?

folate deficiency

18

What disease would give a Marfanoid habitus and striae?

Marfan's syndrome

19

What, again, is the defect in Marfan's syndrome?

fibrillin

20

What is the defect in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome?

lysyl hydroxylase deficiency

21

What is the ingeritance pattern of Marfan's?

AD