6/13/13 a Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6/13/13 a Deck (26):
1

Why would neonates born to diabetic mothers possibly have polycythemia?

high basal lvls of glucose lower the metabolic rate

2

Why would the neonate of a diabetic mother have hypocalcemia?

parathyroid hormone suppression

3

Vulvar lesions accompanied by pruritis, soreness, and/or vag discharge in a middle-aged woman.

vulvar lichen planus

4

Thin, white, crinkly skin on the vulvae of a postmenopausal woman w/ intense pruritis.

lichen sclerosis

5

Which 2 personality disorders can have short-lived psychotic episodes?

schizotypal and borderline

6

Lidocaine is used for arrhythmias originating in the _______.

ventricles

7

What causes subacute pneumonia in immunocompromised pts and appears in Gram stain as crooked, branching, beaded, Gram(+) and partially acid-fast filaments?

Nocardia

8

What is the most common site of extrapulmonary dissemination of pulmonary nocardiasis?

brain

9

What is used to treat nocardiasis?

TMP-SMX

10

What is the most likely cause of generalized muscle pain/tenderness in a middle-aged woman w/o muscle weakness or joint swelling?

fibromyalgia

11

Which disease that causes proximal muscle pain in older pts is assoc'ed w/ temporal arteritis?

polymyalgia rheumatica

12

_______ is characterized by symmetric proximal muscle WEAKNESS and mild pain. Elevation of CK and inflammation of the muscle fibers also occurs.

Polymyositis

13

What differentiates hypertenstive urgency from hypertensive emergency?

signs of end-organ comlications

14

In what conditions are Howell-Jolly bodies seen?

asplenic ones

15

Erythematous lesions w/ central scale and a sandpaper texture on a sun-exposed area of an older person's skin.

actinic keratosis

16

Which kind of skin cancer do 1% of actinic keratoses develop into?

SCC

17

Which 2 long-acting benzos are preferred in the tx of delirium tremens?

lorazepam and diazepam

18

What is the use of flumazenil?

benzo toxicity

19

What is the most common/strongest risk factor for acute aortic dissection?

htn

20

What is the DLCO in emphysema?

low

21

What is the DLCO in chronic bronchitis?

normal

22

What are the most common primary intracardiac tumors?

atril myxomas

23

Does Dubin-Johnson syndrome cause a primarily conjugated or unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia?

conjugated (remember, Dubin is stuck in a closet)

24

What should you suspect as a cause of pericarditis in a pt w/ renal failure?

uremic pericarditis

25

What must be done to treat uremic pericarditis?

dialysis

26

Mothers w/ uncomplicated pregnancies should be encouraged to do moderate aerobic exercise for ___ minutes per day.

30