5/24/13 a Flashcards Preview

STEP II > 5/24/13 a > Flashcards

Flashcards in 5/24/13 a Deck (15):
1

What is the preferred malaria prophylaxis med in chloroquine-resistant areas such as Africa?

mefloquine

2

What are 3 contraindications to mefloquine use?

cardiac conduction abnormaities, neuropsychiatric disorders, and seizure disorders

3

What med should people w/ cardiac conduction, neuropsyciatric, and seizure disorders use for malaria prophylaxis?

doxycycline

4

What is the most common causative organism in peritonitis in pts. w/ continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis?

S. aureus

5

What is a good empirical tx for peritonitis in pts undergoing continuous ambulatory intraperitoneal dialysis?

intraperitoneal 1st + 3rd gen cephalosporin (e.g. cefazolin + ceftazidime)

6

What illness, common in children 7-13 mos old, consists of a macular rash that starts o the trunk and spreads outward folowing a fever?

roseola infantum (exanthema subitum)

7

What are the 2 tx options for myasthenic crisis?

plasmpheresis and IVIG

8

What is the most common manifestation of fat embolism in the brain?

multifocal petechiae in the white matter

9

Name four common risk factors for development of open-angle glaucoma?

black race, diabetes, family Hx, and increased intraocular pressure

10

How often should pts w/ a risk factor for open-angle glaucoma undergo screening? When should it start?

yearly after age forty

11

How often should people with no risk factors for open-angle glaucoma undergo screening if they are 40-60 yo?

every 3-5 yrs

12

How often should people under 60 w/ no risk factors for open-angle glaucoma undergo screening?

every 1-2 yrs

13

Felty syndrome is a rare complication of what disease?

rheumatoid arthritis

14

What is the triad for Dx of Felty syndrome?

high RF titer, neutropenia, and splenomegaly

15

What drugs are used to tx Felty syndrome?

MTX, penicillamine, sulfsalazine, and gold