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Flashcards in 4.4 Deck (53):

What is created when countries or economics are in a down turn?

Many new political parties


When and who was the Social Credit Party started by?

Started in the mids 1930s by William Aberhart or "Bible Bill"


How were Bible Bill's policies received?

They were mostly laughed at but they got the attention of voters.


Who vetoed the majority of Bible Bill's policies?

Central Canada


Who was the CCF led by?

J.S. Woodsworth


What did the CCF want?

The capitalist system reformed and wanted the government to own more and instead of making a profit to redistribute wealth from owning banks, natural resources, transportation system. Also wanted the government to supply medical services and help for enemployed and for seniors.


The CCF wanted change through___ ____ways and not violence.

Legal democratic


What is the CCF currently known as?

The New Democratic Party


What happened to immigrants in BC during the depression?

Asians lost the right to vote and were banned from some jobs. Jews were also a target of discrimination.


What was the attitude towards Jewish people in Canada in the 1930s?

It was anti jewsish and was demonstrated by the few Jews who were allowed in Canada during Nazi persecution in Germany.


How many Jews did Canada take in?



When did Canada begin to take in immigrants from non-white areas?

The sixties


When was tolerance of immigrants again put to the test in Canada?

The late eighties and nineties as Canadians grappled with a huge debt and deficit


Why else did immigration begin to decline in the eighties and nineties?

Canada's poor economy


What did the pressure on Prime MInister Mackenzie King's government to bring about social advances require?

A centralizing of power in order to afford new programmes.


As the depression deepened, it showed the___of Confederation.

Lip sidedness


Who did the provinces have responsibilities to? What did the provinces have little power to do?

-the people
-raise money
-all money to the federal government but they weren't returning it to the provinces in the way of social programs.


The federal gov't had broad___powers, but few specific___responsibilities?



What was the Rowell-Sirois Report and when was it issued?

In 1937as an attempt to clarify the support mechanisms inCanada so what happened during the depression to individuals in the west would not happen again.


What kinds of responsibilities did the Rowell-Sirois Report give the federal gov't?

Old age pension as well as unemployment insurance.


How has Canada's social safety net increased in size during the course of Canada's existence?

The more notable would be the employment insurance, as well as welfare but Canada also has parental leave or maternity leave for an extended period of time. Canada also has sibsidized housing and daycare as well as maybe the biggest is universal health care. We also enjoy pension plans, public education as well as family allowance.


What did Bennett's New Deal promise?

More progressive taxation, unemployment insurance, health insurance, closer regulation of working conditions and social reforms.


Why was Benentt's New Deal a shock to Canadians? Why didn't it work?

It was a complete departure from hisi free enterprise relief.
It was too late for Bennet and his party was too closely associated with the hardships of the depression. He did not have the popularity like Roosevelt to sell the plan.


Who was Bennett replaced by in 1935?

Mackenzie King


What happened to Bennett's New Deal after he was out of office?

His new deal legislation was challenged at the Supreme Court and they found the most important parts unconstitutional.


When did Bennett remain the opposition leader until? What did he do then?

He remained the opposition leader until 1938. He was bitter and disillusioned by his election defeat and conflicts within his Conservative Pary and he abandoned Canada and immigrated to Engalnd and died there in 1947.


Where was Tommy Douglas born? Where was he raised?

Scotland and raised in Winnipeg. He witnessed the Winnipeg General Strike and saw the RCMP shoot and kill a striking worker.


What happened to Douglas when he was 7?

A severe leg illness he had when he was born flared up. Doctors told his parents his leg would have to be amputated but fortunately an orthopaedic surgeon agreed to treat the boy for free if his parents would allow medical students to observe. His leg was saves after several operations.


What did his health experience convince him of?

That health care should be free to all.


What was Douglas the champion of? What was he fluent in? What occupation? What kind of minister was he?

-Manitoba lightweight boxing champion
-Fluent in Spanish and English
-journeyman electrician
-baptist minister and moved to Weyburn Saskatchewan


What did the Depression convince Douglas of?

That the got'ts were not doing enough to protect their people. Through the misery he saw, Douglas believed that the people would willingly pay more taxes for more services.


What did Douglas create during his time as the Saskatchewan Premier?

-Saskatchew Energy & Power = electricity to the entire province
-Worker's Compensation
-Unionized all public employees


When did Douglas create Universal Health Care in Saskatchewan?



What happened in the Doctor's Strike of 1962?

90% of doctors in SK refused to work in the public system for 23 days.


Who did Tommy Douglas work with the bring free health care to all of Canada?

Lester B. Pearson


Who was voted as Canada's greatest Canadian by CBC?

Tommy Douglas


When did Douglas create Canada's first universal and compulsory hospital insurance program? What was it called and what was it the first of?

-Universal Hospital Services plan
-It was the first program in North America to provide complete benefits to all residents


What did the Universal Hospital Services plan offer?

-Expanded hospital facilities (21 new hospitals over 4 years)
-X-rays and lab services
-Common drugs and other hospital services
-Compensation for a share of out of province medical costs
-With payment for the insurance at a rate of $5 per person to a maximum of $30 per family


What did Douglas do on April 25, 1959?

Announced his gov't revolutionary intention to introduce a universal and comprehensive medical care insurance program for the province.


What did Douglas do on June 8, 1960?

Douglas and his CCF Party's overwhelming election victory happened.


What three major themes was Medicare founded on?

1) A public system was necessary because a universal and comprehensive healthcare package would require citizens of the province to pay extremely high private insurance premiums.
2) A lot of public money was needed to fund such an extensive program.
3) The largesse of the program would require the over ment to be accountable for it's management.


What happened on November 17, 1961?

Saskatchewan Medical Care Insurance Act was put into legislation by new CCF Premier Woodrow S. Lloyd mere weeks after replacing the departed Tommy Douglas. It gave the Medical Care Insurance Commission the power to run the new universal insurance system.


In 1962, when the health care program came into effect, the premiums that replaced the payments for private insurance were___per individual per year, or___for families.



Who was "Bible Bill"? What party did he represent and what was their platform?

William Aberhart, a high school principle and radio preacher. He was behind the Social Credit Party which originated in Alverta. Their platform was to give $25 a month to every Albertan.


Who led the CCF and how was it different than the Social Credit Party?

J.S. Woodsworth. They were different because the Social Credit party believed capitalism needed some adjustments and the CCF wanted capitalism completely reformed.


How did Canadian life change as a result of the Depression? How did it stay the same?

Changes: unemployment, new social programs, radical calls for new political parties, more political freedom, Bank of Canada, Canadian Wheat Board Act, riots
Same: Sam enjoys (just fewer), Canada was still producing natural resources, there was still contention between French and English Canada


Why did the Fathers of Confederation give most of the ability to raise funds to the federal government, but responsibility for expensive social programs to the provincial governments? What priorities did teh Fathers of Confederation have at the time of Confederation? What were Canadians' priorities by the 1930s?

I think because it would give the federal government more control but it would make it seem like they were giving the provinces lots of control when they weren't really. It also really smart to make the provinces swallow the heavy costs. Teh provinces wanted the power and the father's of confederation gave it to them byt they still made it benefit themselves. At the time of confederation the father priorities were establishing Canada as a nation that was separate from Britain. The father of confederation were looking to keep the provinces happy and establish a system where they still had control (Quebec wanted to keep their distinctive culture). Canadians priorities by teh 1930s were more along the lines of making Canada a booming force in the world. they were obviously looking to get Canada out of the Depression with as little damage as possible.


What is Old Age Security and how will it apply to me?

It sends monthly cheques to all Canadians over the age of sixty-five. It applies to me because it is a universal program so everyone, reagardless of other income sources, receives the benefits.


What is unemployment insurance?

It is funded by worker payroll deductions, employer contributions, and the federal government. If individuals lose their job, they can then collect money from the program while they look for a new job. It was develped in 1940 wit a constitutional amendment which gave the federal government responsibility for unemployment insurance.


What is family allowance?

Was introduced in 1945 by Prime Minister King. It is to help Canadians raise their children. It was created as a universal program. In 1989, the federal government renamed the program teh Child Tax Benefit and ended payments to families with higher incomes in order to increase the payments to other families.


What is welfare?

Was created in 1966 to help people unable to work. the federal and provincial governments shared coasts for the program. Provincial welfare programs had to meet national standards.


How was the development of Canada's social security programs historically significant?

Because we were one of the first countries to have programs like those so we served as a model for other countries. They are still in place today and they make Canada the country that country that it is.


Do you think these programs are a direct consequence of the Depression, or do you believe they would have been development even if the Depression had not happened?

I do think that these programs are a direct result of the depression because the government saw what can happened when you don't have programs such as these. I do believe that similar programs would have been developed eventually because people always will fight for what they believe to be right.