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Flashcards in 5.7 Deck (21):

What as the Oka Crisis? When was it?

A land dispute and blockade between the Mohawk action and the town of Oka, Quebec which began on July 11, 1990 and lasted until September 26, 1990.


How many deaths did the Oka Crisis result in?



What did the Oka crisis develope from?

A dispute between the town of Oka and teh Mohawk community from Kanesatake.


What kind of land claim had the Mohawk nation been pursuing?

A land claim which included a burial ground and a sacred grown ov pine trees near Kanesatake.


What did the town of Oka want the land for?

A gold course.


What did the mayor of Oka announce in 1989?

That the remainder of the pines would be cleared to expand the members-only gold clubs course to eighteen hold. Sixty luxury condominiums were also planned. None of these plans were made in consultation with the Mohawks.


What happened to the gold course expansion plan?

It was cancelled.


What did the Oka Crisis eventually precipitate?

The development of Canada's First Nations Policing policy.


What was the Gustafsen Lake Stanoff? When was it?

An indigenous land dispute involving the Secwepemc Nation in British Columbia which began on July 15, 1995 and lasted until September 17, 1995. The Secwepemc began an occupation of sacred Sun Dance lands at Ts'Peten (Gustafsen Lake). Began when a previous arrangement from 1989 to hold sun dances on Crown Land under the jurisdiction of BC rancher Lyall James broke down.


What did the Gustafsen Lake standoff follow?

A long history of attempts to gain recognition of Secwepemc sovereignty by the Canadian government and indigenous rights to un ceded lands in BC.


What did some natives chose to remain at Gustafsen Lake to do despite what?

Perform sun dances despite threats of eviction.


What did the BC Attorny General brand teh occupation of Gustafsen Lake as?

Criminal, refusing to consider political negotiations.


What did the RCMP launch after failed negotiations (Gustafsen Lake)?

One of the largest police operations in Canadian history, including the deployment of four hundred tactical assult team members, five helicopters, two surveillance planes, and nine armoured personnel carriers. 8 land mines were also used.


By the end of the 31-day standoff (Gustafsen Lake), police had fired over how many rounds of ammunition? How many had been shot, and how many dogs had been killed?

-77 000 rounds
-1 women
-1 dog


How many indigenous and how many non-natives were charged follow the Gustafsen Lake standoff? How many were found guilty and sentenced to jail terms?

14 native, 4 non-natives. 15 were found guilty and sentenced.


Who was the leader of the Gustfasen Lake standoff? Was he found guilty?

-William (Wolverine) Jones Ignace


What as the Ipperwash Crisis?

Land dispute in Ipperwash provincial park in Ontario. Ojibway band occupied the land in order to assert their claim. Protester Dudley George was killed. 1995.


How long did it take to negotiate the agreements to bring Nunavut into being? What is the treaty negotiated regarded as? Why?

25 years
Aboriginal benchmark because it guaranteed the Inuit majority control over its future in self-government in 1999.


What is the Nisga'a Treaty (2000)?

Negotiated agreement between the Nisga'a Nation and the gov't of B.C. As part of the settlement in the Nass River valley nearly 200 sq km of land was officially recognized as Nisga'a and a 300 000 cubic decametre water reservation was also created. Bear Glacier Provincial park was created. Land-claim's settlement was the first formal treaty between a FN and the province of BC since colonial times.


What was the Kelowna Accord?

Paul Martin
LIveral gov't promise $5 billion over 5 years to Aboriginal peoples of Canada. Stephen Harper and conservative gov't backe out. It was to be used to improve the lives of the Metis, FN, and Inuit through education, housing, and health services.


What will the Tsilhqot'in First Nation's Land Claim do?

Answer one of the largest land claim issues I and will affect the way in which land claims will be determined in Canada for future generations. Reached Supreme Court after taking nearly 25 years to get there.