Lesson 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 9 Deck (17):
1

Why were the native people an essential part of the fur trade?

-skilled at trapping
-collect furs in winter when the coats wer thickest and kept them until the Europeans arrived to do their trading in the spring

2

What did the English system of trading require the First Nations to do in order to receive the furs?

walk great distances which changed their normal nomadic patterns

3

How did the French trade differently than the English in terms of how the First Nations gave them their furs?

The French went into native lands

4

Why did the fur trade cause the First Nations to become so dependent on the Europeans for firearms, ammunition, and food?

they were spending the majority of their time hunting for furs, so they didn't have time to hunt for their own food

5

What was the First Nations economy based on rather than having an economy based on sharing?

an economy based on individual profit from furs

6

How did First Nations begin to view ownership?

the concept of territorial ownership began to take hold in native communities

7

What was abandoned with the fur trade? (has to do with plants and animals--protecting?)

conservation

8

Before the fur trade with the Europeans, First Nations would take only what they needed. How did this change and why? What happened to the beaver population?

The more furs hunted, the more money there was to be made. The beaver population was decimated.

9

What were the effects of alcohol on the First Nations populations?

It contributed to (and reflected) the demoralization fo their culture.

10

Was the European society shifting in the same way that the First Nations was?

It was shifting, but not to the same degree.

11

Name two consequences of the peace facilitated by Thanadelthur.

Two consequences of the peace was that she was never really returned home to her normal way of life and she diesd at a young age. The trade relations beteween HBC and the Dene also might not go in the Dene's fabour as time goes on.

12

In which ways did the cultures of First Nations people of the Northwest adapt to change as the fur trade expanded west? In what ways did their cultures stay the same? How did European cultures change and stay the same?

First Nations Change: guns diseases, relationships with Europeans. They became more dependent on European goods.
Same: They still had their spiritual traditions, and they still liked tobacco and still used their own furs and hunted furs.
European Change: more in touch with First Nations beliefs. They learned to live off the land.
Same: still had their air of superiority. Still required fur and lots of it.

13

How were these cultural changes historically significant?

These cultural changes were historically significant because they impacted their way of live forever. They lost traditions that had been around since their beginnings.

14

How did life change for the fur traders after the fall of Nouvelle-France? How did it stay the same?

Life changed because in a way the fur trade became more competitive as they had to compete with HBC and others in Montreal. It changed becasue instead of selling their furs back to France (?) they sold to the English, Scottish, and Yankees and didn't have to follow HBC charter and its rules. It remained the same becasue they still needed alliances, First Nations help and skills There was still competition as well.

15

What was the importance of the NWC forming?

It became the HBC major competition. By keeping with the French traditions of going tot he First Nations to trade with them, they forced the HBC to adopt less conservative traditions. They also found fur trade routes to the Pacific.

16

The fall of Nouvelle-France to the British had conequences for many people in the Northwest. What groups of people were affected and how?

The Acadians- Forced out of their land.
First Nations- Alliances with French gone. Loss of culture and European trust and fur trade.
Fur traders- Lost routes and First Nations groups

17

In what ways did Metis and Country-born cultures show change and continuity over time?

They showed change over time by adopting both French and First Nations cultures. All prejudices were set aside. They created better trading relationships and formed a new culture. They created a new religon of sorts founded on both the European and First Nations beliefs. What stayed the same was that they still knew and understood the land. They were still good at farming, trade relationships, and they still had vital interpreting, hunting, land knowledge, and voyaging skills.