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Flashcards in 2.7 Deck (36):

What form did John A. Macdonald believe the government should take and why?

-A Central Government
-He saw saw American Revolution happen and thought that it was based on each state having too much power.


What was proposed to happen to the Province of Canada in terms of power distribution?

Divided into two entities united within a federation. The powers would be shared between two orders of government: federal and provincial.


What would having a federal and provincial government allow?

Unity (federal) and expression of diversity (provincial).


What was it about the Confederation plans in terms of government that would appeal to other BNA colonies?

The advantages than an expanded union would bring.


Show levels of power in the constitution.

Governor General-->Prime Minister and Cabinet-->Ministers-->Parliament: House of Commons and Senate--> Voters


Do voters have a say in the House of Commons?

They vote in the HOC.


Do voters have a say in the Senate?

No. They are not voted in because its not supposed to have any political recourse. They are supposed to be making decisions that are best for Canada and not for one part or the other. Neutral sounding board of people who are appointed by the PM.


How many provinces joined the new Confederation? What were they?

-the Province of Canada (later would become Ontario and Quebec), Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.


What was the British North America Act intended for?

To balance the forces that were pushing the old Province of Canada apart with the forces that had pushed all the provinces together.


What did important elements of the BNA Act include (3 things)?

1) The power of the Governor General in Council to disallow any provincial law within a year of getting a copy of the legislation.
2) A division of powers between the federal parliament and the provinces.
3) Parliament could assume any powers that were not specifically allocated, and had the power to act for "peace, order, and good government."


The provinces had secured power over some areas such as____. Quebec could keep its____law and its_____was recognized.



List the powers of the Federal Government?

-Armed Forces
-Banking Regulations
-Criminal Law and Penitentiaries
-First Nations


List the powers of the Provincial Government?

-Establishing municipal governments
-Property rights and salw of public lands
-Business licenses/taxes
-Resource rights and royalties from minerals and mining
-The federal government gave provinces control over local and cultural issues, where each province could remain distinct and not dominated by Central Canada.


How many levels of constitutionally recognized government does Canada have?

2 (provincial and federal)


How many other forms of government does Canada have?

2 (territorial and local) that are not constitutionally recognized.


What is the federal government responsible for (do not list the responsabilities; more generalized).

First constitutionally recognized level of government. It is responsible for enacting and implementing laws for the whole country.


What is the federal government provided with?

Its own constitutional powers and jurisdictions which is may exercise independently from the provincial level of government.


What is Canada's National Parliament?

The premier institution of the federal government. It consists of a two legislative chambers, the House of Commons and the Senate.


Who is the head of state for the monarchy?

The Monarchy; however their role is primarily ceremonial.


Who does the bulk of the federal power lie with?

The federal head of government and his/her executive council, which are officially reerred to as the Prime Minister and Cabinet which he selects from elected officials that are voted on.
There is also the elected legislative chamber and the House of Commons


What is the second federal legislature?

The Senate--an appointed body and exercises consideraby less power relative to the elected House of Commons.


What is the difference between the House of Commons and the Senate?

The Senate and the House of Commons can both pass laws, but the senate can veto House of Commons. The Senete is appointed, and the House of Commons is elected.


What does the provincial government have power to do?

Enact and implement laws withintheir particular province, and are provided with their own constitutionally recognized powers, which they may exercise independently from the federal government, and from each other.


Each provincial government has it own_______, which is located in its respective provincial capital?

Legislative Assembly


What does each province have that represents the Monarcy?

The Lieutenant-Governor


Who does the real provincial power lie with?

Premiers and their Cabinets and the provincial elected legislature.


What kind of governments do the territories have and what are they responsible for?

Regional governments which are responsible for encacting and implementing laws within their particular territorial area.


What is the biggest difference between the provincial and territorial governments?

Territories are not provincially recognized entities, with their own autonomous powers and jurisdictions. Territories fall under the legislative jurisdiction of the federal government.


What is the last type of government in Canada?

Local government


What does local government include?

Municipal, county/parish, and semi-regional councils, boards, and agencies.


Who do local governments fall under the jurisdiction of as they are not constitutionally recognized?

They fall under the jurisdiction of the provinces and territories which are responsible for creating local governments and setting out their basic frameworks.


What are local governments usually dominated by?

Their respective provincial or territorial government.


What do the provincial or territorial government restrict in local government?

The sorts of laws a local government may pass, how much money they may spend, and how they may implement long-term development strategies.


What are local governments usually non-factors in, except with larger cities?

-Non-factors in inter-governmental relations and decision making.
-Large metropolitan centres can often be a contentious issue between the federal and provincial/territorial levels of government.


List at least ten things that the federal government is responsible for?

public debt and property
regulation of trade/commerce
unemployement insureance
direct/indirect taxation
postal service
sea coast and inland fisheries
criminal law
cennecting the provinces


List at least ten things the provincial government is responsible for?

direct taxation within the province
management/sale of public lands belonging to province
prisons (detention centers)
formalization of marriage
property and civil rights
administration of civil/criminal justice
incorporation of companies
natural resources
matters of merely local or private nature