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Flashcards in HY Pharm 3 Deck (25)
2

Used in pediatrics to maintain patency of ductus arteriosis

*PGE1 (Alprostadil)

3

Prostaglandin used in the treatment impotence

*PGE1 (Alprostadil)

4

MOA and effect of nitric oxide

*Stimulates cGMP which leads to vascular smooth muscle relaxation

5

Muscarinic antagonist used in asthma

*Ipratropium

6

MOA action of cromolyn

*Mast cell stabilizer

7

SE of long term (>5 days) corticosteroid therapy and remedy

*Adrenal suppression and weaning slowly, respectively

8

MOA of quinolones

**Inhibit DNA gyrase

9

Drug used for MRSA

*Vancomycin

10

Vancomycin MOA

**Blocks peptidoglycan synthesis

11

Meningitis prophylaxis in exposed patients

*Rifampin (orange fluids)

12

Technique used to diagnose perianal itching, and the drug used to treat it

*Scotch tape technique and mebendazole

13

MOA of sulfonamides

*Inhibit dihydropteroate synthase

14

Cheap wide spectrum antibiotic DOC of otitis media

**Amoxicillin

15

DOC for tx of pseudomembranous colitis

**Metronidazole

16

Anemia caused by trimethoprim

*Megaloblastic anemia

17

DOC for giardia, bacterial vaginosis, pseudomembranous colitis, entamoebasis and trichomonas

*Metronidazole

18

Treatment for TB patients (think RIPE)

*Rifampin (orange fluids),
*Isoniazid (peripheral neuropathy)
*Pyrazinamide (gout)
*Ethambutol (color-blindness)

19

Common side effect of Rifampin

*Orange urine discoloration

20

DOC for influenza A and B

*1st - Zanamivir

Asthma = Oseltamivir

21

DOC for RSV

*Ribavirin

22

Major effect of benzodiazepines on sleep at high doses

*REM is decreased

23

Reason benzos are used cautiously in pregnancy

*Ability to cross the placenta

24

Antidote to benzodiazepine overdose (antagonist that reverses the CNS effects)

*Flumazenil

25

Agent that is metabolized to acetaldehyde by alcohol dehydrogenase and microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system (MEOS)

*Ethanol

26

System that increases in activity with chronic exposure to alcohol and may contribute to tolerance

*Microsomal ethanol oxidizing system MEOS