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Flashcards in Most Commons 7 Deck (62)
1

Cancer of the Liver

Metastasis; lung > GI

2

Cancer of the Liver - benign

Cavernous hemangioma

3

Cancer of the liver - Primary

Hepatocellular CA

4

Cancer of the liver - Primary, benign

Cavernous Hemangioma

5

Cancer of the Mouth

SCC or Mucoepidermoid CA

6

Cancer of the Mouth - upper lip

Basal Cell CA

7

Cancer of the Nasal cavities

SCC

8

Cancer of the Ovary - benign

Serous cystadenoma

9

Cancer of the Ovary - malignant

Serous cystadenocarcinoma

10

Cancer of the Pancreas

Adeno (usually in the head)

11

Cancer of the Pituitary

Prolactinoma (2nd - Somatotropic, Acidophilic, Adenoma)

12

Cancer of the Placenta - benign

Cavernous hemangioma

13

Cancer of the Salivery Glands

Pleimorphic Adenoma

14

Cancer of the Skin

Basal Cell Carcinoma

15

Cancer of the Small Bowel Carcinoid - frequent

metastasis from ileum

16

Cancer of the Spleen - benign

Cavernous hemangioma

17

Cancer of the Stomach

Gastric Adenocarcinoma; intestinal type or diffuse type

18

Cancer of the Testicles

Seminoma

19

Cancer of the Thyroid

Papillary Carcinoma

20

Cancer that invades the Female GU tract

Endometrial Adenocarcinoma

21

Cancer; malignant lymphoma in kids

Burkitt's lymphoma

22

Cancer; Site of metastasis

Regional Lymph Nodes

23

Cancer; Site of metastasis (2nd most common)

Liver

24

Cancer;Genetic Alteration

p53

25

Cardiomyopathy

Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy

26

Carpal bone dislocation

Lunate

27

Carpal bone fx

Scaphoid

28

Chromosomal disorder

Down's

29

Cirrhosis

Alcohol

30

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

21-Hydroxylase Deficiency then, 11-

31

Congenital cardiac anomaly

VSD membranous > muscular

32

Congenital early cyanosis

Tetralogy of Fallot

33

Congenital GI anomaly

Meckel's diverticulum

34

Coronary Artery thrombosis

LAD

35

Cushings

Exogenous Steroid Therapy (then, primary ACTH, Adrenal Adenoma, Ectopic ACTH)

36

Death in Alzheimer pts

Pneumonia

37

Death in Diabetics

MI

38

Death in HTN

1. AMI 2. lenticulostriate stroke 3. renal failure (benign nephrosclerosis)

39

Death in SLE pts.

Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative)

40

Death in USA

Ischemic Heart Disease

41

Dementia

1. Alzheimer's 2. Multi-Infarct Dementia

42

Demyelinating Disease Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis

43

Diarrhea - children

Rotavirus

44

Dietary Deficiency

Iron

45

Disk herniation

L4-L5

46

End-stage Renal Disease

Diabetes

47

Enzyme deficiency

21 hydroxylase - 95 percent of CAH

48

Fatal genetic defect in Caucasians

Cystic Fibrosis

49

Form of Amyloidosis

Immunologic Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also called the Amyloid Light Chain

50

Form of Tularemia

Ulceroglandular
DOC = streptomycin

51

#1 UTI

E. coli

52

Bone pain

SA

53

Fever, pain, redness, swelling in joints w reduced ROM

Septic arthritis
1. SA
2. N. gonnorrhoae

54

Most common inherited hypercoagulability

Factor V Leiden
- Normal PTT unchanged w/ adding activated protein C

Anti-phospholipid has prolonged aPTT

55

Cancer in pediatrics

ALL

56

Inherited coagulopathy

Hemophilia A (VIII)

57

#1 cause of death of adults

CVD

Then Cancer
Then stroke

58

#1 cause of death in kids

Accidents

Then cancer
Then congenital defects

59

Most common cancers in adults

1. breast/prostate
2. Lung
3. Colorectal

60

Most common cancer mortality in adults

1. LUNG
2. Breast/prostate
3. Colorectal

61

Vessels w/ atherosclerotic involvement

#1 = Abdominal aorta

Then...coronary, popliteal, internal carotid, Wills

62

Most common glomerulonephropathy

FSGS
- Blacks, edema, lipiduria