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Flashcards in Most Commons 1 Deck (50)
1

Actinic keratosis

Often precedes squamous cell carcinoma

2

Addison's disease

Primary adrenocortical deficiency

3

Albright's syndrome

Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, cafe-au-lait spots, short stature, young girls

4

Albuminocytologic dissociation

Guillain-Barre (Inc protein in CSF with only modest inc in cell count)

5

Alport's syndrome

Hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness

6

Anti-basement membrane antibodies

Goodpasture's syndrome

7

Anticentromere antibodies

Scleroderma (CREST)

8

Anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies (ANA antibodies)

SLE (type III hypersensitivity)

9

Anti-epithelial cell antibodies

Pemphigus vulgaris

10

Antigliadin antibodies

Celiac disease

11

Antihistone antibodies

Drug-induced SLE

12

Anti-IgG antibodies

Rheumatoid arthritis

13

Antimitochondrial antibodies

Primary biliary cirrhosis

14

Antineutrophil antibodies

Vasculitis

15

Antiplatelet antibodies

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

16

Arachnodactyly

Marfan's syndrome

17

Argyll Robertson pupil

Neurosyphilis

18

Arnold-Chiari malformation

Cerebellar tonsillar herniation

19

Aschoff bodies

Rheumatic fever

20

Atrophy of the mammillary bodies

Wernicke's encephalopathy

21

Auer rods

Acute myelogenous leukemia (especially the promyelocytic type)

22

Autosplenectomy

Sickle cell anemia

23

Babinski's sign

UMN lesion

24

Baker's cyst in popliteal fossa

Rheumatoid arthritis

25

Bamboo spine on x-ray

Ankylosing spondylitis

26

Bartter's syndrome

Hyperreninemia

27

Basophilic stippling of RBCs

Lead poisoning

28

Becker's muscular dystrophy

Defective dystrophin; less severe than Duchenne's

29

Bell's palsy

LMN CN VII palsy

30

Bence Jones proteins

Multiple myeloma (kappa or lambda Ig light chains in urine), Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (IgM)

31

Berger's disease

IgA nephropathy

32

Bernard-Soulier disease

Defect in platelet adhesion

33

Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis

Sarcoidosis

34

Birbeck granules on EM

Histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)

35

Bloody tap on LP

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

36

Blue bloater

Chronic bronchitis

37

Blue-domed cysts

Fibrocystic change of the breast

38

Blue sclera

Osteogenesis imperfecta

39

Boot-shaped heart on x-ray

Tetralogy of Fallot; RVH

40

Bouchard's nodes

Osteoarthritis (PIP swelling secondary to osteophytes)

41

Boutonniere deformity

Rheumatoid arthritis

42

Branching rods in oral infection

Actinomyces israelii

43

Brown tumor of bone

Hemorrhage causes brown color of osteolytic cysts: 1. Hyperparathyroidism 2. Osteitis fibrosa cystica (von Recklinghausen's disease)

44

Brushfield's spots (spotted iris)

Down syndrome

45

Bruton's disease

X-linked agammaglobulinemia

46

Budd-Chiari syndrome

Posthepatic venous thrombosis

47

Buerger's disease

Small/medium-artery vasculitis

48

Burkitt's lymphoma

8:14 translocation; associated with EBV

49

Burton's lines (grey gingival lines)

Lead poisoning

50

C-ANCA, P-ANCA

Wegener's granulomatosis, polyarteritis nodosa