Most Commons 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Most Commons 2 Deck (50)
1

Cafe-au-lait spots on skin

Neurofibromatosis

2

Caisson disease

Gas emboli

3

Calf pseudohypertrophy

Duchenne's muscular dystrophy

4

Call-Exner bodies

Granulosa-theca cell tumor of the ovary

5

Cardiomegaly with apical atrophy

Chagas' disease

6

Cerebriform nuclei

Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)

7

Chagas' disease

Trypanosome infection

8

Chancre

Primary syphilis (not painful)

9

Chancroid

Haemophilus ducreyi (painful)

10

Charcot's triad

Multiple sclerosis (nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech), cholangitis (jaundice, RUQ pain, fever)

11

Charcot-Leyden crystals

Bronchial asthma (eosinophil membranes)

12

Chediak-Higashi disease

Phagocyte deficiency

13

Cherry-red spot on macula

Tay-Sachs, Niemann-Pick disease, central retinal artery occlusion

14

Cheyne-Stokes respirations

Central apnea in CHF and inc intracranial pressure

15

Chocolate cysts

Endometriosis (frequently involves both ovaries)

16

Chronic atrophic gastritis

Predisposition to gastric carcinoma

17

Chvostek's sign

Hypocalcemia (facial muscle spasm upon tapping)

18

Clear cell adenocarcinoma of

DES exposure in utero

19

Clue cells

Gardnerella vaginitis

20

Codman's triangle on x-ray

Osteosarcoma

21

Cold agglutinins

Mycoplasma pneumoniae, infectious mononucleosis

22

Cold intolerance

Hypothyroidism

23

Condylomata lata

Secondary syphilis

24

Continuous machinery murmur

Patent ductus arteriosus

25

Cori's disease

Debranching enzyme deficiency

26

Cotton-wool spots

Chronic hypertension

27

Cough, conjunctivitis, coryza

Measles

28

Councilman bodies

Toxic or viral hepatitis

29

Cowdry type A bodies

Herpesvirus

30

Crescents in Bowman's capsule

Rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis

31

Crigler-Najjar syndrome

Congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia

32

Curling's ulcer

Acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns

33

Currant-jelly sputum

Klebsiella

34

Curschmann's spirals

Bronchial asthma (whorled mucous plugs)

35

Cushing's ulcer

Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury

36

D-dimers

DIC

37

Depigmentation of neurons in

Parkinson's disease (basal ganglia disorder--rigidity, resting tremor, bradykinesia)

38

Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea

Pellagra (niacin, vitamin B3 deficiency)

39

Diabetes insipidus + exophthalmos +

Hand-Schuller-Christian disease

40

Dog or cat bite

Pasteurella multocida

41

Donovan bodies

Granuloma inguinale

42

Dressler's syndrome

Post-MI fibrinous pericarditis

43

Dubin-Johnson syndrome

Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)

44

Duchenne's muscular dystrophy

Deleted dystrophin gene (X-linked recessive)

45

Eburnation

Osteoarthritis (polished, ivory-like appearance of bone)

46

Edwards' syndrome

Trisomy 18 associated with rocker-bottom feet, low-set ears, heart disease

47

Eisenmenger's complex

Late cyanosis shunt (uncorrected L --> R shunt becomes R --> L shunt)

48

Elastic skin

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

49

Erb-Duchenne palsy

Superior trunk brachial plexus injury ("waiter's tip")

50

Erythema chronicum migrans

Lyme disease