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Flashcards in Most Commons 8 Deck (65)
1

GI obstruction

1. Adhesions 2. Indirect inguinal hernia

2

Glomerulonephritis

IgA nephropathy aka Berger's

3

Heart Murmur

Mitral Valve Prolapse

4

Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis

Mitral

5

Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis IV drug users

Tricuspid

6

Heart Valve involved in Rheumatic Fever

Mitral > Aortic

7

Hereditary Bleeding Disorder Von Willebrand's Disease

Von Willebrand's Disease

8

Hernia

Indirect

9

Hypercalcemia

hyperparathyroidism

10

Hyperparathyroidism - Primary

Adenomas (followed by: hyperplasia, then carcinoma)

11

Hyperparathyroidism - Secondary

Hypocalcemia of Chronic Renal Failure

12

Hypertension

1.Essential (95%) 2. Renal disease

13

Hypertension - children

Renal disease; cystic disease, Wilm's tumor

14

Hypertension - young women

Oral contraceptives

15

Hyperthyroidism

Graves' Disease

16

Hypopituitarism - adults

Nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma

17

Hypopituitarism - kids

Craniopharyngioma

18

Hypothyroidism

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

19

Intussusception

terminal ileum into cecum

20

Liver Disease

Alcoholic Liver Disease

21

Liver infection

Viral Hepatitis - HVA

22

Location of Adult brain tumors

Above Tentorium

23

Location of Childhood brain tumors

Below Tentorium

24

Lysosomal Storage Disease

Gaucher's

25

Mental retardation

Down's or Fragile X , Fetal alcohol syndrome

26

Motor Neuron Disease

ALS

27

Myocarditis

Coxsackie B virus

28

Nephrotic Syndrome - adults

Membranous Glomerulonephritis

29

Nephrotic Syndrome - kids

Minimal Change Disease

30

Opportunistic infection in AIDS

PCP

31

Peripheral Neuropathy

Diabetes

32

Portal Hypertension

Cirrhosis

33

Protozoal Diarrhea

Giardia

34

Pulmonary HTN

COPD

35

Renal Failure

Acute tubular necrosis

36

Right Heart Failure

Left heart failure

37

Secondary Hypertension

Renal disease

38

Sexually transmitted disease

Chlamydia

39

SIADH

Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung

40

Single Gene Disorder

Thalassemia

41

Site of Diverticula

Sigmoid Colon

42

Sites of atherosclerosis

Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid

43

Surgical Emergency

Acute Appendicitis

44

Thyroid disease

Goiter

45

Tracheoesophageal Fistula

Lower esophagus : trachea / Upper esophagus : blind pouch

46

Worm infection in US

1. Pinworm 2. Ascaris

47

Type of Hodkin's

Mixed Cellularity versus: lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion, nodular sclerosis

48

Type of Non-Hodgkin's

Follicular, small cleaved

49

Vasculitis (of medium & small arteries)

Temporal Arteritis

50

Viral Encephalitis

HSV

51

Otitis media

1. S. pneumo
2. H. flu
3. M. catarrhalis

Tx = amoxicllin

52

Conjunctivitis

1. Viral - adeno

53

Bacterial conjunctivitis in neonates

1. N. gonorrheae
2. C. Trachomatis (D-K)

54

Bacterial conjunctivitis in kids and adults

1. SA
2. Strep pneumo
3. H. flu

55

Infectious blindness

C. trachomatis (A-C) - finger, flies, fomites

56

COPD pneumonia

H. influenza

57

Pneumonia follows viral infection

SA

58

Pneumonia in alcoholics

Kleb

59

Meningitis in neonates

1. S. agalactiae
2. EC
3. Listeria

60

Meningitis in adults

S. pneumo

61

Meningitis in kids

Strep pneumo
N. meningitidis
H influenzae

62

Myocarditis in kids (excluding cruzi)

Coxsackie B...possibly diptheria

63

Pericarditis

Coxsackie B, influenza >> SA, strep pneumo

64

Viral aseptic meningitis

Enterovirus, coxsackie, echo (picornvirus, N ss+RNA)

65

Catheter, hosp UTI

GNR - EC, Kleb, PA